Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy (PEBLDS)

The Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy (PEBLDS) was initiated and endorsed within the “Environment for Europe” process, at the Sofia Conference in 1995, after the Council of Europe took the initiative to develop it in 1994. PEBLDS is a European response to support implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. It was proposed in the Maastricht Declaration Conserving Europe's Natural Heritage (1993), and built on the Bern Convention, the European Conservation Strategy (1990), the Dobrís and Lucerne Ministerial Conferences (1991, 1993), UNCED (1992), and other existing initiatives and programmes.

Objectives and approach

PEBLDS is an innovative and proactive approach to stop and reverse the degradation of biological and landscape diversity values in Europe. Innovative, because it addresses all biological and landscape initiatives under one European approach. It is proactive, because it promotes the integration of biological and landscape diversity considerations into social and economic sectors. PEBLDS reinforces the implementation of existing measures and identifies additional actions that need to be taken over the next two decades. It also provides a framework to promote a consistent approach and common objectives for national and regional action to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Regional action within Europe relating to the Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy is presently focused through three governmental processes:

  • Under the Convention on Biological Diversity;
  • Under PEBLDS as part of the "Environment for Europe" process;
  • Under the European Union.
Institutional structure

The PEBLDS bodies include:

  • the Strategy Council, which is the decision making body consisting of countries and observers;
  • the Strategy Bureau, which is the executive support to the Council and consists of a limited number of countries whose task is to assist the Council and its president; and
  • the Joint Secretariat from the Council of Europe and UNEP.


In addition, there is an Expert Committee for the Pan European Ecological Network led by CoE and ECNC, consisting of State members along with expert observers.

Also there is another European Task Force on Banking, Business and Biodiversity, with its Secretariat at ECNC.

Work areas

PEBLDS seeks to achieve its activities by:

  • facilitating and supporting the exchange of experience on, and creation or further development of, National Biodiversity Strategies, Action Plans and Programmes as stipulated by the Convention on Biological Diversity, and promoting a consistent approach and common objectives in all countries of Europe;
  • using all other existing international and national legislation and policy, such as the EU Natura 2000 Programme, sectoral policy including agricultural, fisheries, transport, regional development and social policies, and implementing fully the EU Sixth Environmental Action Programme and the EU Sustainable Development Strategy; and
  • facilitating, supporting and promoting the implementation of the existing international agreements and treaties.