Activity 2: Promote incentives for sustainable use

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Adopt economically and socially sound measures that act as incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of components of biological diversity: CBD Article 11
  • Extend until the end of 2007 the validity of the Strategic Vision, including the objective of encouraging the adoption and implementation of social and economic incentives that promote and regulate sustainable management of wild fauna and flora: CITES Decision 13.1, (a) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Submit cases studies, best practices and other information on the use of non-monetary positive incentive measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VII/18, 8
  • Develop supportive legal and policy frameworks for the design and implementation of incentive measures: Ramsar Resolution VIII/23, 8
  • Make use of the IUCN and CIESIN resource kit to assist their implementation of inventive measures for wetland conservation and wise use: Ramsar Resolution VIII/23, 9
  • Make use of the IUCN and CIESIN resource kit to assist their implementation of inventive measures for wetland conservation and wise use: Ramsar Resolution VIII.23, 9
  • Take on the renewed challenge of implementing the Strategic Plan 2003-2008, including promoting incentive measures that encourage the application of the wise use principle and the removal of perverse incentives: Ramsar Resolution VIII/25, 8 SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Take the Proposals for the Design and Implementation of Incentive Measures into consideration when designing and implementing incentive measures for conservation and sustainable use, recognising that one of the purposes is to achieve the sustainable use of the components of biodiversity: CBD Decision VI/15, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Take the Proposals for the Design and Implementation of Incentive Measures into consideration when designing and implementing incentive measures for conservation and sustainable use, recognising that a mix of measures is likely to be necessary to realise both biodiversity protection and sustainable use: CBD Decision VI/15, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Review national budgets and monetary policies, with a view to promoting the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, paying particular attention to positive incentives as well as perverse incentives: CBD Decision VI/16, 7 (b)
  • Accelerate the completion of national action programmes in the light of the AHWG recommendations including providing incentives to encourage a sustainable use of land resources by corporate interests: UNCCD Decision3/COP 5, 3 and UNCCD Decision3/COP 5 Annex (Conclusions and concrete recommendations on further steps in the implementation of the convention) SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Identify incentive measures for sectors relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision V/24, 4
  • Explore ways by which incentive measures promoted through the Kyoto Protocol of the UNFCCC can support the objectives of the CBD: CBD Decision V/15, 6 SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Apply the ecosystem approach, including aligning incentives to promote biodiversity conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision V/6, 2 and CBD Decision V/6 Annex SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • When undertaking reviews of laws and institutions ensure that these seek to introduce positive incentive measures to support the effective application of the wise use obligation: Ramsar Resolution VII/7, 8
  • Review policy, legal and institutional frameworks to promote those measures which encourage conservation and wise use of wetlands and to remove measures which discourage conservation and wise use: Ramsar Resolution VII/15, 11
  • Ensure incentive measures are taken into consideration when applying the Guidelines for developing National Wetland Policies and the Guidelines for reviewing laws and institutions to promote the conservation and wise use of wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VII/15, 12
  • In the application of the Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands give special consideration to the introduction of incentive measures to encourage the wise use of wetlands and to removing perverse incentives: Ramsar Resolution VII/15, 13
  • Share experiences with respect to incentive measures and perverse incentives relating to wetlands and the sustainable use of natural resources: Ramsar Resolution VII/15, 14
  • Promote the implementation of incentive measures to facilitate achievement of the objectives of the CBD: CBD Decision IV/10, A 1 (b) SEE COMMENTARY 8 
  • Undertake value addition of naturally occurring genetic resources to work as incentives for their sustainable use: CBD Decision IV/10, A 1 (h)
  • Review existing legislation and policies to identify and promote incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of components of biological diversity: CBD Decision III/18, 3
  • Take into consideration the role of identifying the value of biodiversity resources in creating incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VIII/25, 2 and CBD Decision VIII/25, Annex SEE COMMENTARYa
  • Communicate to the Executive Secretary their experiences of the programme of work on incentive measures including whether measures have improved the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VIII/26, 3(a)
  • Strengthen mechanisms that build capacity to design and implement incentive measures for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VIII/26, 5
  • Develop an enabling environment for sustainable land management through economic measures: UNCCD Decision 1/COP 8, 5
  • Share details of incentive measures for the effective implementation of the CITES Convention: CITES Decision 14.42

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Author Commentary a

CBD Decision VIII/25, 2 and
CBD Decision VIII/25, Annex.
The Annex to this Decision (Options for the application of tools for valuation of biodiversity and biodiversity resources and functions) notes the role that identifying the value of biodiversity resources can create incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. a

Author Commentary 1

CITES Decision 13.1, (a)
Decisions of the Conference of the Parties in effect after the 13th meeting Annex 1
Objective 1.1 of the Strategic Vision is ‘To assist in the development of appropriate domestic legislation and policies that encourage adopting and implementation of social and economic incentives allied to legal instruments that: - promote and regulate sustainable management of wild fauna and flora; promote and regulate responsible trade in wild fauna and flora; and promote the effective enforcement of the Convention.

Author Commentary 2

Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 8
Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex
The Operational Objective 8.1 of the Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008 (contained in the Annex) is to ‘Promote incentive measures that encourage the application of the wise use principle and the removal of perverse incentives.’

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VI/15, 3
CBD Decision VI/15, Annex I
The Proposals for the Design and Implementation of Incentive Measures (contained in Annex I) state that one of the purposes of incentive measures is to achieve the sustainable use of components of biodiversity.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VI/15, 3
CBD Decision VI/15, Annex I
The Proposals for the Design and Implementation of Incentive Measures (contained in Annex I) state that in many cases, a combination of various measures is likely to be necessary in order to realize both the public benefits of protecting biodiversity and the private benefits brought about by the sustainable use of its components.

Author Commentary 5

UNCCD Decision 3/COP 5, 3
UNCCD Decision 3/COP 5, Annex
The recommendation about providing incentives for sustainable use appears in paragraph 6 of the Annex.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision V/15, 6
The objectives of the CBD include the sustainable use of the components of biological diversity (CBD Article 1).

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision V/6, 2
CBD Decision V/6, Annex
The twelve principles of the ecosystem approach are outlined in the Annex. Principle 4 addresses the role of incentives in the ecosystem approach.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision IV/10, A 1 (b)
One of the three objectives of the CBD, as stated in Article 1, is the sustainable use of the components of biological diversity.