Activity 3: Remove perverse incentives opposing sustainable use

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, including identifying and removing policies, laws and regulations that distort markets or generate perverse incentives that undermine the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Integrate and mainstream the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines into a range of measures including plans addressing the removal or mitigation of perverse incentives that undermine the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VII/12, 2(a)
  • Use the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives as interim guidance, including the use of strategic environmental assessment to provide guidance on the how to identify perverse incentives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/18, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Use the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives as interim guidance, including recognition of the importance of capacity building: CBD Decision VII/18, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Use the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives as interim guidance, including recognition of the effectiveness of re-instrumentation: CBD Decision VII/18, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Identify perverse incentives and consider the removal of their negative effects in order to encourage positive effects on sustainable use: CBD Decision IV/10, A 1 (f)

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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 3 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that international, national policies, laws and regulations that distort markets which contribute to habitat degradation or otherwise generate perverse incentives that undermine conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, should be identified, removed or mitigated. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2 (Rev CoP14), (a).

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/18, 2
CBD Decision VII/18, Annex
Paragraph 14 of the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives states that strategic assessment procedures provide useful guidance on how to design and conduct research to identify perverse incentives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/18, 2
CBD Decision VII/18, Annex
Paragraph 30 of the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives states that capacity building is a key precondition in successfully removing or mitigating policies and practices that generate perverse incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VII/18, 2
CBD Decision VII/18, Annex
Paragraph 32 of the Proposals for the application of ways and means to remove or mitigate perverse incentives states that re-instrumentation, that is, the application of operational targets and related tools that attain the same objective with less or no adverse impacts on biological diversity, may often be a particularly effective way of removing policies that generate perverse incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.