Activity 12: Review Significant Trade in specimens of Appendix II species

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Conduct Review of Significant Trade

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • The Animals and Plants Committees, in cooperation with the Secretariat and experts, and in consultation with range States, to review the biological, trade and other relevant information on Appendix-II species subject to significant levels of trade, to identify problems and solutions concerning the implementation of Article IV, paragraphs 2(a), 3 and 6 (a): CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) SEE COMMENTARY 1
Component 2: Select species to be reviewed

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • On the basis of recorded trade levels and information available to the Animals or Plants Committee, the Secretariat, Parties or other relevant experts, species of priority concern shall be selected for review by the Animals or Plants Committee: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (b)
Component 3: Consult with range States

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • The Secretariat shall, within 30 days after the meeting of the Animals or Plants Committee at which species are selected, notify range States of the species selected, requesting comments regarding possible problems of implementing Article IV identified by the Committee. Range States shall be given 60 days to respond: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (d)
  • When the Animals or Plants Committee, having reviewed the available information, is satisfied that Article IV, paragraph 2 (a), 3 or 6 (a), is correctly implemented, the species shall be eliminated from the review with respect to the State concerned. In that event, the Secretariat shall notify the Parties accordingly within 60 days: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (f)
Component 4: Compile information and categorize

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • When necessary, consultants shall be engaged by the Secretariat to compile information about the biology and management of and trade in the species and shall contact the range States or relevant experts to obtain information for inclusion in the compilation: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (h)
  • Before the report of the Secretariat, or consultant, is considered by the Animals or Plants Committee, the Secretariat shall transmit it to the relevant range States, seeking comments and, where appropriate, additional information. Range States shall be given 60 days to respond: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (j)
Component 5: Review information and confirm categorization

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • The Animals or Plants Committee shall review the report of the Secretariat or the consultants and the responses received from the States concerned and, if appropriate, revise the preliminary categorization proposed: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (k)
Component 6: Formulate and transmit recommendations

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • The Animals or Plants Committee shall, in consultation with the Secretariat, formulate recommendations for the remaining species. These recommendations shall be directed to the range States concerned: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (m)
  • These recommendations shall be transmitted to the range States concerned by the Secretariat: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (p)
Component 7: Implement recommendations

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Where the recommendations have been met, the Secretariat shall notify the Parties that the species was removed from the process: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (r)
  • When the Secretariat, is not satisfied that a range State has implemented the recommendations it should recommend to the Standing Committee appropriate action, which may include, as a last resort, a suspension of trade in the affected species with that State. On the basis of the report of the Secretariat, the Standing Committee shall decide on appropriate action and make recommendations to the State concerned, or to all Parties: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (s)
  • The Secretariat shall notify the Parties of any recommendations or actions taken by the Standing Committee: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (t)
  • A recommendation to suspend trade in the affected species with the State concerned should be withdrawn only when that State demonstrates to the satisfaction of the Standing Committee, through the Secretariat, compliance with Article IV, paragraph 2 (a), 3 or 6 (a): CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13) (u)
Component 8: Support range States

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Parties interested in the conservation and sustainable use of wildlife should provide the necessary financial support or technical assistance to those States in need of such assistance to ensure that wild populations of species of fauna and flora subject to significant international trade are not subject to trade that is detrimental to their survival: CITES 12.8 (Rev. CoP13)

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Author Commentary 1

CITES Resolution 12.8 (Rev. CoP13)
This resolution sets out an important process within CITES for ensuring that the trade in Appendix-II species is not detrimental to their survival. The process involves a number of different actors including the Plants Committee, the Animals Committee, the Standing Committee, the Secretariat and the Parties (especially range states). The Parties play a greater or lesser role in most stages of the Review. In order that the obligations on Parties are understood in their proper context, all those parts of the Review that directly involve Parties are set out here.