This section sets out the obligations on Parties relating to the management of IAS, and includes the prevention and eradication of IAS, rehabilitation and restoration, and other non-legislative approaches. While the obligations covered in this section largely draw on the CBD, other conventions covered are: CMS, CITES, Ramsar, WHC, UNCCD, UNCLOS, BWM, IPPC, and the SPS Agreement. The inclusions of some many conventions highlights the significance of the management of IAS has in different arenas. The management of IAS offers many possibilities for synergies not only between decisions of a particular convention but also between conventions. Such options include:

    • The CBD, CMS and UNCLOS contain articles to prevent, or control or eradicate IAS.
    • Possible synergy occurs between the IPPC and CBD through the development and establishment of technical tools or alert systems.
    • Synergies also may exist between the CBD, IPPC and Ramsar and their request for information on IAS activities, case studies and expertise to be made available to various bodies.

It should also be noted that the activity on the management wetlands is closely linked to the section on management in the inland waters module. It is recommended to check this section for additional provisions on the subject.

The Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) has published a number of documents on the prevention and management of IAS, such as:

    • Regional Responses to the Invasive Alien Species Threat: Tackling biological invasions around the world
    • Hilliard R. (2005) Best Practice for the Management of Introduced Marine Pests - A Review
    • Wittenber R. & Cock M.J.W. (2001) (eds) Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit for Best Prevention and Management Practices
    • McNeely, J.A., Mooney, H.A., Neville, L.E., Schei,P. & Waage, J.K. (eds.) 2001. Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species. IUCN on behalf of the Global Invasive Species Programme, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

These background documents and many other can be downloaded from the GISP website (