Management - mitigation
Mitigation, used here to mean actions that aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through avoided emission or sinks and carbon stores (as opposed to mitigation of the effects of climate change and response measures, which is dealt with in the section on adaptation) is the subject of this section. Activity 1 calls for considering biodiversity conservation in climate change mitigation activities. The obligation to conduct research on carbon dioxide sequestration technologies set out in the Kyoto Protocol is complemented by the Ramsar Convention obligation to undertake studies on the role of wetlands in carbon storage and sequestration, both found in Activity 2. Activity 3 enumerates policies and measures that can be taken to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through sinks or carbon stores, while Activity 4 identifies obligations to minimize the effects of climate change mitigation activities in general (Component 1), on wetlands (Component 2), on migratory species (Component 3), and on marine and coastal biodiversity (Component 4).
The framework for this section is taken from decisions of the UNFCCC COP and provisions of the Kyoto Protocol, with specific means for carrying out such obligations found in CBD COP decisions and Ramsar Convention COP resolutions. CMS COP resolutions cited show that while climate change mitigation activities are essential for the long-term survival of migratory species, mitigation activities can also be a major threat to such species (see Component 3).