Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Marine and Coastal Enviro. of the E.Afr.Region (CPMDMC of EA)

The Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region was signed in 1985 and came into force in 1996, making it one of 17 regional seas conventions and action plans.

Objectives and approach

The Convention for the Protection, Management, and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the East African Region (CPMDMC of EA) aims to protect and manage marine environment and coastal areas of the East African region. The Nairobi Convention provides a mechanism for regional cooperation, coordination and collaborative actions, and enables the Contracting Parties to harness resources and expertise from a wide range of stakeholders and interest groups towards solving interlinked problems of the coastal and marine environment.

Institutional structure

The Nairobi Convention´s institutional structure is the following:

  • A Conference of Parties. The Contracting Parties hold ordinary meetings once every two years. The function of the ordinary meetings of the Contracting Parties is to keep under review the implementation of this Convention and its protocols;
  • National Focal Points. The focal points institutions have been supported to operationalise their offices and to initiate a reporting mechanism for the Convention by compiling national status reports on the coastal and marine environment;
  • Regional Coordinating Unit. The RCU has the responsibilities for activities geared towards enhancing political visibility for the Nairobi Convention, and resource mobilization;
  • Bureau of Contracting Parties. It was elected to exercise decision-making powers on substantive issues related to implementation of the Convention and its protocols, to reviewing preparations, and to providing guidance to the secretariat of the Convention and making adjustments in the programme and budget as necessary within the framework of the decisions made by the meetings;
  • Partners/Stakeholders of the Nairobi Convention. The Convention has built partnerships with the governments of the region through the respective focal points and national taskforces, and with other relevant stakeholders such as research and academic organizations, NGOs and the private sector.
Work areas

It requires parties to take appropriate measures to prevent and reduce exploitation of the sea bed and protect and preserve rear eco-systems and other marine life in protected areas.

The Nairobi Convention plays a coordinating role in the implementation of a series of intervention projects developed under the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) environment initiative.