Lusaka Agreement on Co-Operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora

The Lusaka Agreement on Co-Operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora was adopted on 8 September 1994 and entered into force on 10 December 1996. The Lusaka Agreement is an agreement amongst Eastern, Central and Southern African countries, based on the African Convention, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

Objectives and approach

The Lusaka Agreement´s aims are to reduce and ultimately eliminate illegal trade in wild fauna and flora and establish a permanent task force to implement that objective. Parties are required to cooperate with one another and with a task force to ensure its effective implementation.

Institutional structure

The Lusaka Agreement establishes three bodies:

  • A Governing Council;
  • National Bureaus; and
  • A Task Force.

The Agreement sets up the Task Force for Co-Operative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora. This Task Force is composed of a Director, Field Officers and an Intelligence Officer. The Governing Council can decide to create other necessary staff.

The functions of the Task Force shall be to:

  • facilitate co-operative activities among the National Bureaus in carrying out investigations pertaining to illegal trade;
  • investigate violations of national laws pertaining to illegal trade, at the request of the National Bureaus or with the consent of the Parties concerned, and to present to them evidence gathered during such investigations;
  • collect process and disseminate information on activities that pertain to illegal trade, including establishing and maintaining databases;
  • provide, upon request of the Parties concerned, available information related to the return to the country of original export, or country of re-export, of confiscated wild fauna and flora; and
  • perform such other functions as may be determined by the Governing Council.
Work areas

The Agreement focuses its effort on illegal trade of wild fauna and flora in the countries of Eastern and Southern Africa.