Activity 2: Identify the effects on biodiversity

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Identify the effects on biodiversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Identify the effects on wetlands and livelihoods

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Monitor and assess the impacts of natural disasters on the ecological character of wetlands and on the livelihoods of people dependent on wetlands: Ramsar Resolution IX.9, 16 SEE COMMENTARY 13
  • Parties to address climate change in so far as it is regarded as likely to bring about significant change in the ecological character of wetlands and affect the behaviour of migrating waterbirds: AEWA Resolution 3.17
Component 3: Identify the effects on migratory species

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Identify which migratory species are particularly threatened by climate change: CMS Resolution 8.13, 1(b)
  • Review the range states list for CMS species as changes in distribution are seen as a consequence of climate change: CMS Resolution 8,13, 1(c)
  • Assess the effects of changing climate on migratory waterbirds, review implications of modelled future patterns of climate change on waterbirds, outline possible means of adaptation to these changes, and report conclusions to a future Meeting of the Parties: AEWA Resolution 3.17
  • Identify species vulnerable to the consequences of a changing climate, and identify measures that may help to maintain such populations: AEWA Resolution 3.17
Component 4: Identify the effects on the threat of invasive alien species

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Consider the potential effects of global change on the risk of invasive alien species to biodiversity and related ecosystem good and services: CBD Decision VI/23, 15 SEE COMMENTARY 14
  • Promote and carry out research on the impact of climate change on invasive species and the vulnerability of ecosystems and habitats to invasion by alien species: CBD Decision VI/23, 24(a)
Component 5: Identify the effects on mountain biological diversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 6: identify the effects on island biodiversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

WHC Operational Guidelines III.B 129 and WHC Operational Guidelines, Annex 5: This refers to section 4b (ii) of the new format for the nomination of properties for inscription on the World Heritage List.

Author Commentary 2

WHC Operational Guidelines III.B 129 and WHC Operational Guidelines, Annex 5 : This refers to section 4b (iii) of the new format for the nomination of properties for inscription on the World Heritage List.

Author Commentary 3

World Heritage Decision31 COM 7.2, 4 and WHC-07/31,COM/7.2: This refers to Table 1 Objective 3, Action 3.1.

Author Commentary 4

World Heritage Decision 31 COM 7.2, 4 and WHC-07/31,COM/7.2 : This refers to Table 1 Objective 3, Action 3.2. which revises World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2. Objective 3, Action 3.2.

Author Commentary 5

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1: This refers to II. C. Corrective Actions 19.b) ii).

Author Commentary 6

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1 : This refers to II. D. Collaboration, cooperation, and sharing best practices and knowledge 22.c) i).

Author Commentary 7

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1 : This refers to II. D. Collaboration, cooperation, and sharing best practices and knowledge 22.c) ii).

Author Commentary 8

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2: This refers to Objective 3, Action 3.4.

Author Commentary 9

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2 : This refers to Objective 1, Action 1.9.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Article 7(c): CBD Decision VII/30 1(c) identifies climate change as one of the major threats to biodiversity.

Author Commentary 11

Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 7 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex: The relevant action is Action 11.2.2 under Operational Objective 11.2: Monitor the conditions of Ramsar sites, notify the Ramsar Bureau without delay of changes affecting Ramsar sites as required by Ramsar Convention Article 3.2, and apply the Montreux Record and Ramsar Advisory Mission as tools to address problems, Operational Objective: Management Planning and Monitoring of Ramsar Sites. The action also refers to Objective 4.1 under Ramsar Resolution VII.11. Ramsar Resolution VIII.17, Annex, 3, describes peatlands as “irreplaceable paleo-environmental archives from which to reconstruct past landscape change and previous climates.”

Author Commentary 12

Ramsar Resolution VII.11, Annex : This refers to paragraph 19 under Objective 4: To use the Ramsar site network as a tool to promote national, supranational/regional, and international cooperation in relation to complementary environmental issues. This activity is identical to that mentioned in Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex.

Author Commentary 13

Ramsar Resolution IX.9, 16: In the case of designated Ramsar sites, such information must be reported to the Ramsar Secretariat, which will then make it available to the Scientific and Review Panel to assist the latter in reporting to subsequent COPs on the status and trends in the ecological character of sites in the Ramsar List and other wetlands.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VI/23, 15: Par. 15(a) invites the UNFCCC to consider the potential effects of global change on the risk of alien invasive species to biodiversity and related ecosystem goods and services when it considers measures for adaptation to and mitigation of climate change in particular with respect to the lifestyles of Indigenous and local communities.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VII/27, 10d and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex: This refers to Action 1.1.5 of Goal 1.1: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to mountain biological diversity under Programme element 1: Direct actions for conservation, sustainable use and benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 16

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex: This refers to Action 3.2. of Goal 1: Conservation of island biodiversity, under programme element E.: Goals, targets and timeframes, and island-specific priority actions for the Parties.