Activity 5: Monitor the effects on biological diversity

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Arrange to be informed if the ecological character of any wetland in the Ramsar List has changed, is changing, or is likely to change as a result of human interference: Ramsar Convention Article 3.2
  • Submit to the World Heritage Committee through the Secretariat, specific reports and impact studies each time exceptional circumstances occur which may have an effect on the state of conservation of World Heritage properties: WHC Operational Guidelines IV.A, 169 SEE COMMENTARY 6

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Author Commentary 1

UNFCCC Article 4.1(g)
Systematic observation and data archives are intended to further the understanding and reduce or eliminate the remaining uncertainties regarding the causes, effects, magnitude and timing of climate change and the economic and social consequences of various response strategies.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VI/22, 10
CBD Decision VI/22, Annex
The relevant programme element is Programme element 1: conservation, sustainable use and benefit-sharing, Goal 1: to apply the ecosystem approach to the management of all types of forests, Objective 3: mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on forest biodiversity, Activity (a).

Author Commentary 3

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1 : This refers to II. B. Preventive Actions 17.b) i).

Author Commentary 4

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1: This refers to II. B. Preventive Actions 17.c) i).

Author Commentary 5

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2 : This refers to Objective 3, Action 3.7.

Author Commentary 6

WHC Operational Guidelines IV.A, 169
These reports and impact studies are part of the Reactive Monitoring which is the reporting by the Secretariat, other sectors of UNESCO and the Advisory Bodies to the World Heritage Committee on the state of conservation of specific World Heritage properties that are under threat.