Activity 4: Incorporate biodiversity and climatic interactions in programmes and policies

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Incorporate climatic factors into national action programmes

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Consider climatic factors for incorporation into national action programmes for desertification: UNCCD Art. 15

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Incorporate climate change and biodiversity objectives in relevant plans

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Consider climate change in protected areas

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 4: Consider climate change in planning and managing wetlands

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Develop national strategies, plans or programmes for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity or adapt existing ones: CBD Article 6(a)
  • Ensure that the functions and values of wetlands are recognized and incorporated into planning decisions in the coastal zone: Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, 13 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, Annex (Principles and guidelines for incorporating wetland issues into Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM)) SEE COMMENTARY 14

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Author Commentary 1

UNCCD Decision 4/COP.7, 2
These elements include sustainable agriculture, forest, pastoral and drylands management, sustainable use and management of rangelands, and desertification monitoring and assessment.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3
CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex
Populations of island fauna and flora have the highest proportion of recorded species extinctions and continue to be significantly threatened by invasive alien species, climate change and variability, natural and environmental disasters, land degradation and land based sources of marine pollution. The programme of work on island biodiversity seeks to complement existing thematic work programmes and other existing initiatives of the CBD. It acknowledges and identifies issues contained in other programmes of work and cross-cutting issues and notes the rationale for specific activities that are important for the understanding, conservation and sustainable use of island biological diversity.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3
CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex
This refers to Action 13.2. of Goal 3: Address the threats to island biological diversity, under programme element E.: Goals, targets and timeframes, and island-specific priority actions for the Parties.

Author Commentary 4

World Heritage Decision 31 COM 7.1, 7 : State Parties are urged to make use of the “Policy Document on the Impacts of Climate Change on World Heritage Properties”, WHC-07/31.COM/7.1, and the “Strategy for Risk Reduction at World Heritage Properties”, WHC-07/31.COM/7.2, so as to protect natural heritage properties.

Author Commentary 5

World Heritage Decision 31 COM 7.2, 4 and WHC-07/31,COM/7.2 : This refers Table 1 to Objective 5, Action 5.1 which revises World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2. Objective 5, Action 5.1. For natural properties such plans should be oriented to protect the key ecosystems and processes from which the integrity of the property depends upon.

Author Commentary 6

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1 : This refers to II. C. Corrective Actions 19.b) i).

Author Commentary 7

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1: This refers to II. C. Corrective Actions 19.c) i).

Author Commentary 8

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.1, 8 and WHC-06/30.COM/7.1: This refers to II. C. Corrective Actions 19.c) ii).

Author Commentary 9

World Heritage Decision 30 COM 7.2, 3 and WHC-06/30. COM/7.2: This refers to Objective 1, Action 1.5.

Author Commentary 10

CMS Resolution 8.18, 1
CMS Resolution 8.18, 2
Invites CMS Parties to make use of the indicative list of actions contained in CMS Resolution 8.18, Annex I and the indicative list of categories of relevant information on migratory species in CMS Resolution 8.18, Annex II as a basis to promote such integration and to contribute to the achievement of the 2010 biodiversity target. Relevant information would include details of measures taken to regulate or manage processes or activities that represent a significant adverse effect on migratory species, as well as details of relevant impact assessment measures designed to avoid or minimize adverse impacts of proposed projects on migratory species, including those addressing potential threats from power transmission lines and wind farms. CMS Resolution 8.13, 4 the prefatory statement recognizes that climate change may significantly affect the behavior, distribution and abundance of migratory species and may change the ecological character of their habitats. CMS Resolution 8.18, Annex III, The CBD-CMS Joint Work Programme (2006-2008), endorsed by CMS Parties through CMS Resolution 8.18, 6, further specifies how such integration could take place.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/5, 5
CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I
This refers to Paragraph 13 of Appendix 3 (elements of a marine and coastal biodiversity management framework).

Author Commentary 12

Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, 9
Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, Annex
Paragraph 126 identifies positive and negative impacts of climate change and variations in currents or sea level as external natural factors with implications for the ecological character of wetlands and cross references to Ramsar Resolution VIII.3. Paragraph 127 then goes on to say that the effect of these factors on the ecological feature of wetlands must be considered.

Author Commentary 13

Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 13
Ramsar Resolution VII.11, Annex
This refers to Paragraph 75 of the Guidelines under Criterion 2: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it supports vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered species or threatened ecological communities.

Author Commentary 14

Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, 13
Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, Annex
This refers to action no. 5.1 under Guideline No. 5 – Ensuring the recognition by Contracting Parties of the role of coastal wetlands in regulating water flows and water quality.

Author Commentary 15

These activities have been agreed by the ASEAN member countries to promote regional cooperation towards sustainable development. These obligations are duplicated in the Legislative Measures and National Policies section of this module and on the IAS [Legislative Measures and National Policies] modules.