Activity 4: Minimize effects of climate change mitigation activities

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Minimize effects – general

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Minimize effects on wetlands

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Minimize effects on migratory species

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 4: Minimize effects on marine and coastal biodiversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Having identified activities and processes under their jurisdiction and control which may have significant adverse impacts on deep seabed ecosystems and species in these areas, take measures to urgently manage such practices in vulnerable deep seabed ecosystems with a view to the conservation and sustainable use of resources: CBD Decision VIII/21, 3

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Author Commentary 1

UNFCCC Decision 19/CP.9, 8th preambular paragraph
This is the first part of the preambular paragraph, which is directed at host Parties, i.e., non-Annex I Parties who decide to host afforestation and reforestation project activities under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.

Author Commentary 2

UNFCCC Decision 19/CP.9, 8th preambular paragraph
This is the second part of the preambular paragraph, which is directed at Annex I Parties, who are expected to invest in the temporary and/or long-term certified emission reductions generated by afforestation and reforestation project activities under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.

Author Commentary 3

UNFCCC Decision 19/CP.9, 9th preambular paragraph
This is the first part of the preambular paragraph, which is directed at host Parties, i.e., non-Annex I Parties who decide to host afforestation and reforestation project activities under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.

Author Commentary 4

UNFCCC Decision 19/CP.9, 9th preambular paragraph
This is the second part of the preambular paragraph, which is directed at Annex I Parties, who are expected to invest in the temporary and/or long-term certified emission reductions generated by afforestation and reforestation project activities under the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol.

Author Commentary 5

Ramsar Resolution VIII.3, 17
Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex
“Ecological character” of wetlands is defined in Ramsar Resolution VII.10, 11 as “the sum of the biological, physical and chemical components of the wetland ecosystem, and their interactions, which maintain the wetland and its products, functions and attributes.” The relevant action under Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex is Action 3.4.9 under Operational Objective 3.4: Integrate policies on the conservation and wise use of wetlands in the planning activities in all Contracting Parties, and in decision-making processes at national, regional, provincial and local levels, particularly concerning territorial management, groundwater management, catchment/river basin management, coastal and marine zone planning, and responses to climate change, Operational Objective 3: Integration of wetland use into sustainable development. Examples of policy responses identified are revegetation and management, afforestation and reforestation. Note that the global implementation target for 2003 to 2005 is that all relevant Contracting Parties have assessed the implications of Kyoto Protocol implementation on wetlands (including applying COP8 restoration guidelines). This target is reiterated in Operational Objective 3.4.8, Ramsar Resolution VIII.26, Annex I .

Author Commentary 6

CMS Resolution 7.5
The resolution identifies the environmental benefits of wind energy especially for addressing climate change, and the significance of reducing climate change for the long-term survival of migratory species.

Author Commentary 7

The 24th Meeting of the Bern Convention Standing Committee
Also recommends minimising the damage caused by wind turbines on bat populations and migratory birds.

Author Commentary 8

This obligation is duplicated in the Adaptation section of this module.