Sustainable use and particular categories of biodiversity

This section brings together all the obligations that deal with the sustainable use of particular categories of biodiversity. It begins with activities that are focused on particular ecosystems. These are followed by activities that focus on particular types of use, including fishing, aquaculture, bushmeat and traditional medicines. Finally, there are the activities that are concerned with the sustainable use of particular taxa (first terrestrial and then aquatic species). Inevitably, this section contains a ‘mixed bag’ of obligations, although it does offer a partial reflection of those categories of biodiversity that the Parties to MEAs are most concerned to ensure are used sustainably.

Each activity includes all the obligations explicitly focused on the sustainable use of that category of biodiversity. For example, the section on agricultural biological diversity contains obligations dealing with management, economic instruments, communication, etc. Thus, there are overlaps between the specific obligations in this section and the more general obligations that appear in the sections dealing with management, economic instruments, communication, etc.

Many of the activities listed in this section, contain obligations from just one MEA. Nevertheless, the activities concerned with inland water ecosystems, bushmeat and plants provide important exceptions to this.