Management and regulation
This section sets out the obligations on Parties relating to the management and regulation of sustainable use. Activity 1 is concerned with the general principles and objectives for the management of sustainable use. Many of the principles from the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (AAPG) are included in this section. The AAPG were originally adopted by the Parties to CBD and since then the Parties to CITES and CMS have decided to review the application of these guidelines to the issues dealt with by those conventions. It should also be emphasised that those MEAs that have not undertaken work on the AAPG have endorsed general principles and objectives relating to sustainable use. This is true of UNCCD, Ramsar and WHC. Thus there are obligations under Activity 1 agreed by six different MEAs.
The following three Activities that are concerned with sustainable use in relation to specific topics (climate change, tourism alien species and avian influenza). In the case of sustainable use and climate change there is considerable overlap between the obligations from UNFCCC, UNCCD, CBD and Ramsar. Obligations on climate change and biodiversity are dealt with fully in the module on that issue.
The remaining Activities deal with the regulation of the international trade in wild species. The obligations that are included under these Activities are all CITES obligations, and the Activities cover some of the main areas of activity dealt with by CITES. The fact that these Activities only deal with CITES obligations reflects the fact that CITES is the only MEA that has developed a regulatory regime that is designed to ensure that the use of biodiversity in this particular area (international trade in wild species) is sustainable. Obligations relating to the management of the sustainable use of particular categories of biodiversity are included in the Section on that topic.