Activity 3: Support sustainable use by indigenous and local communities

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Bear in mind that registers are only approach in the protection of traditional knowledge relevant to conservation and sustainable use and that their establishment should be voluntary: CBD Decision VIII/5, B4
  • Submit written comments to the Executive Secretary on the draft ethical code for respect of heritage of indigenous and local communities relevant to conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VIII/5, F2
  • Encourage indigenous and local communities to use marine and coastal resources sustainably: CBD Decision VIII/22, 4(b)
  • Establish or introduce mechanisms for community-based wildlife management: SADC Protocol on Wildlife and Law Enforcement: Article VII iv
  • Integrate principles, and techniques derived from indigenous knowledge systems into national wildlife management and law enforcement policies and procedures: SADC Protocol on Wildlife and Law Enforcement: Article VII iv
  • Subject to its national legislation, respect, preserve and maintain knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local peoples embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Article 8 (j)
  • Protect and encourage customary use of biological resources in accordance with traditional cultural practices that are compatible with conservation or sustainable use requirements: CBD Article 10 (c)
  • Recognise that human activities, including of traditional and local communities, occurring in natural heritage sites may be consistent with the value of the area where they are ecologically sustainable: WHC Operational Guidelines §90
  • Include information in national reports on status and trends in relation to knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant to conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/16, C2
  • Support the efforts of indigenous and local communities to undertake field studies to determine the status, trends and threats related to the knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant to sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/16, E6
  • When deciding on activities to protect indigenous knowledge, innovations and practices, take into account Elements of a plan of action for the retention of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision VII/16, E9 SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Use the Akwe Kon Voluntary Guidelines: CBD Decision VII/16, F 3 and CBD Decision VII/16, F Annex SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Conduct public education and awareness campaigns regarding the Akwe Kon Voluntary Guidelines: CBD Decision VII/16, F 5 and CBD Decision VII/16, F Annex SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Enhance the capacity of indigenous and local communities to identify research and training needs in relation to sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/16, G 6 (e)
  • Assist indigenous and local communities to prepare for meetings under the Convention, including the Ad Hoc Open-Ended Working Group on Article 8 (j): CBD Decision VII/16, G 8
  • Strengthen the capacity of indigenous and local communities to use their knowledge and practices relevant for sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/16, H 9
  • Consider using the list of Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites, including maintaining traditional sustainable self-management practices: Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18 SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Consider using the list of Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites, including preserving collective water and land use management systems: Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Consider using the list of Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites, including maintaining traditional sustainable practices used in and around wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18 SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Take on the renewed challenge of implementing the Strategic Plan 2003-2008, including encouraging active and informed participation of local communities and indigenous people in the conservation and wise use of wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 8 SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Include information in their national reports on capacity building measures to facilitate the involvement of indigenous and local communities in the management, conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/10, 3 (c)
  • Support capacity building aimed at the full participation of indigenous and local communities, particularly women, in decision-making regarding the use of traditional knowledge relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/10, 23
  • Promote awareness amongst indigenous and local communities of issues relating to CBD Article 8 (j): CBD Decision VI/10, 27
  • Take measures to improve links between indigenous and local communities and government bodies to better coordinate measures to protect traditional knowledge relevant to the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/10, 39
  • Examine the feasibility of protecting the knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant to sustainable use: CBD Decision VI/10, 41
  • Submit case studies on the establishment of links between intellectual property authorities and indigenous and local communities to facilitate the protection of traditional knowledge relevant to conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VI/10, 44 (c)
  • Encourage disclosure of origin of relevant knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant to sustainable use in applications for intellectual property rights: CBD Decision VI/10, 46
  • Implement the programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j), including strengthening the capacity of indigenous and local peoples to be involved in decision making relevant to sustainable use: CBD Decision V/16, 3 and CBD Decision V/16 Annex (Programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j) and related provisions of the CBD) SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Implement the programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j), including developing appropriate mechanisms for the participation of indigenous and local communities in decision-making related to sustainable use:: CBD Decision V/16, 3 and CBD Decision V/16 Annex (Programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j) and related provisions of the CBD) SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Provide financial support for the implementation of the programme of work on Article 8 (j): CBD Decision V/16, 7 SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Support the participation of the International Indigenous Forum on Biodiversity in advising the Conference of the Parties on the implementation of Article 8 (j): CBD Decision V/16, 11
  • Support the development of registers of traditional knowledge and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant for sustainable use: CBD Decision V/16, 17
  • Develop or explore mechanisms to involve indigenous and local communities in initiatives on the sustainable use of biological diversity and in mechanisms to ensure that they benefit from such sustainable use: CBD Decision V/24, 6
  • Apply the Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands so as to encourage participation by local communities and indigenous people in the management of Ramsar-listed sites and the implementation of the wise use principles: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 12
  • When applying the Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands, give priority to involving women and youth: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 13
  • Include extensive consultation with local communities and indigenous people in the formulation of national wetland policies and legislation: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 14
  • Create the context to facilitate indigenous people’s and local communities’ involvement in decision-making for the sustainable use of wetlands, including the provision of necessary resources: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 15
  • Give priority to capacity building for the implementation of participatory approaches, including in the application of the Ramsar Wise Use Guidelines: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 19
  • When supporting wetland conservation and wise use projects, take into consideration the Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 22
  • Include representatives in delegations of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant to the sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision IV/9, 3
  • Promote consultations among indigenous and local communities on the issues to be dealt with by the working group on the implementation of CBD Article 8 (j): CBD Decision IV/9, 4
  • Facilitate the participation of indigenous and local communities in the working group on the implementation of CBD Article 8 (j): CBD Decision IV/9, 12
  • Submit case studies on the innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities relevant to sustainable use: CBD Decision IV/9, 15
  • Develop national legislation and strategies for the implementation of CBD Article 8 (j): CBD Decision III/14, 1
  • Supply information about the implementation of CBD Article 8 (j), including national legislation and incentive measures: CBD Decision III/14, 2

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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/16, F 3
CBD Decision VII/16, F Annex
The Akwe Kon guidelines for the conduct of cultural, environmental and social impact assessments regarding developments proposed to take place on, or which are likely impact on, sacred sites and on lands and waters traditionally occupied or used by indigenous and local communities, contain a number of provisions relating to sustainable use. These include:

    10. Notification of anticipated impacts on sustainable use
    31. Recognition of the significance of sacred and other sites for sustainable use
    47. Proper assessment of developments that may put pressures on sustainable use
    54. Consideration of the role of women and youth in sustainable use
    56. Maxmisation of opportunities for sustainable use

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/16, E.9
The ‘Elements of a plan of action…’ appears as an annex to Part E of this decision.

Author Commentary 3

Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18
Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, Annex
The Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites (contained in the annex) includes Guiding principle 5, ‘To maintain traditional sustainable self-management practices.’

Author Commentary 4

Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18
Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, Annex
The Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites (contained in the annex) includes Guiding principle 14, ‘To preserve collective water and land use management systems associated with wetlands.’

Author Commentary 5

Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, 18
Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, Annex
The Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites (contained in the annex) includes Guiding principle 15, ‘To maintain traditional sustainable practices used in and around wetlands, and value the produces arising from these practices.’

Author Commentary 6

Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 8
Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex
The Operational Objective 6.1 of the Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008 (contained in the Annex) is to ‘Encourage active and informed participation of local communities and indigenous people, in particular women and youth, in the conservation and wise use of wetlands.’

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision V/16, 3
CBD Decision V/16, Annex
Tasks 1 and 2 of the programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j) concern the participation of indigenous and local communities in decision-making relating to sustainable use.

Author Commentary 8

This obligation is duplicated in the Protected Areas module [Stakeholders, indigenous and local communities], the Inland Waters module [Management], and the Climate Change & Biodiversity module [Economic Instruments].