Activity 1: Manage sustainable use (principles and objectives)

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Activities referred to in paragraph 1 shall not be prohibited in respect of the species referred to in Annex III/1, provided that the birds have been legally killed or captured or otherwise legally acquired: EU Birds, Article 6 (2)
  • Apply the ecosystem approach, including seeking the appropriate balance between, and integration of, conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision V/6, 2 and CBD Decision V/6 Annex SEE COMMENTARY 11
  • Support participatory natural resource management as a tool to prevent land degradation: UNCCD Decision 1/COP 8, 1
  • Address the objectives of The Strategy by contributing to the sustainable use of biodiversity through sustainable land management and combating desertification : UNCCD Decision 3/COP 8, 5 and UNCCD Decision 3/COP 8, Annex (The Strategy) SEE COMMENTARY0
  • Parties to maintain the population of wild flora and fauna at, or adapt it to, a level which corresponds in particular to ecological, scientific and cultural requirements, while taking account of economic and recreational requirements: Bern Convention, Article 2
  • Members may, for the species listed in Annex III/2, allow within their territory the activities referred to in paragraph 1, making provision for certain restrictions, provided the birds have been legally killed or captured or otherwise legally acquired: EU Birds, Article 6 (3)
  • EU Members to ensure that all hunting and falconry is practiced in accordance with the national measures in force and complies with the principles of wise use and ecologically balanced control of the species of Birds concerned: EU Birds, Article 7
  • Articles 2 and 3 provide definitions and annexes for the management of wildlife trade within EU Member States: EU Regulation 338-97, Articles 2 & 3
  • Integrate sustainable use objectives into all sectors that affect biological diversity: PEBLDS (no. 2.2)
  • Train field agents in participatory approaches for the conservation and sustainable use of natural resources: UNCCD Article 19.1 (c)
  • Pursue the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources: CBD Article 1
  • Regulate or manage biological resources important for the conservation of biological diversity within or outside protected areas, with a view to ensuring their conservation and sustainable use: CBD Article 8 (c)
  • Endeavour to provide the conditions needed for compatibility between present uses and the conservation of biological diversity and the sustainable use of its components: CBD Article 8 (i)
  • Ensure that those responsible at all levels for wetlands management shall be informed of and take into consideration, recommendations of Ramsar Conferences of the Parties concerning the conservation, management and wise use of wetlands and their flora and fauna: Ramsar Article 6.3
  • Bring relevant resolutions and guidelines on the management of water to the attention of the authorities in charge of water management so as to include an ecosystem approach: Ramsar Resolution IX.3, 15
  • Maintain Ramsar sites to reduce their vulnerability to natural disasters in order to ensure that they continue to deliver benefits/services for people and biological diversity: Ramsar Resolution IX.9, 12
  • Establish multi-hazard analyses that define areas suitable for development and contingency planning for impact prevention involving wise wetland management: Ramsar Resolution IX.9, 17
  • Ensure that sustainable use in World Heritage properties does not adversely impact the value of the property: WHC Operational Guidelines §119
  • Ensure that uses in World Heritage properties are ecologically sustainable: WHC Operational Guidelines §119
  • Recognise that the protection of traditional cultural landscapes can be helpful in maintaining biological diversity: WHC Operational Guidelines Annex 3 §9
  • Extend until the end of 2007 the validity of the Strategic Vision, including the purpose of ensuring that no species of wild fauna or flora becomes or remains subject to unsustainable exploitation because of international trade: CITES Decision 13.1, (a) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, practising adaptive management: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, avoiding or minimizing adverse impacts on ecosystem services, structure and functions and other components of ecosystems: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, ensuring that the spatial and temporal scale of management is compatible with the ecological and socio-economic scales of the use and its impact : CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, applying an interdisciplinary, participatory approach at the appropriate levels of management: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, ensuring that the users of biodiversity components minimize waste and adverse impact and optimize benefits: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Initiate implementation of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines, internalising the costs of management of biological diversity and reflecting them in the distribution of the benefits: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Take on the renewed challenge of implementing the Strategic Plan 2003-2008, including developing, adopting and using instruments and measures to ensure the wise use of all wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 8 SEE COMMENTARY 8
  • Review activities in the light of the Strategic Plan for Convention on Biological Diversity including its purpose to effectively halt the loss of biodiversity so as to secure the continuity of its beneficial uses through the conservation and sustainable use of its components: CBD Decision VI/26, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 9
  • Approve the text of the Declaration on commitments under the Convention, including making sustainable land use management a strategic area of action during next decade: UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4, 1 and UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4 Annex (Declaration on the commitments under the Convention to enhance implementation of the obligations of the UNCCD): SEE COMMENTARY 10
  • Approve the text of the Declaration on commitments under the Convention, including making sustainable use and management of rangelands a strategic area of action during next decade: UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4, 1 and UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4 Annex (Declaration on the commitments under the Convention to enhance implementation of the obligations of the UNCCD): SEE COMMENTARY 10
  • Approve the text of the Declaration on commitments under the Convention, including making development of sustainable agricultural and ranching production systems a strategic area of action during next decade: UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4, 1 and UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4 Annex (Declaration on the commitments under the Convention to enhance implementation of the obligations of the UNCCD): SEE COMMENTARY 10
  • Apply the ecosystem approach, including prioritising conservation of ecosystem structure and functioning in order to maintain ecosystem services: CBD Decision V/6, 2 and CBD Decision V/6 Annex SEE COMMENTARY 11
  • Apply the ecosystem approach, including managing ecosystems witin the limits of their functioning: CBD Decision V/6, 2 and CBD Decision V/6 Annex SEE COMMENTARY 11
  • Apply the ecosystem approach, including recognizing that the objectives for ecosystem management should be set in the long term because of the varying temporal scales and lag effects that characterize ecosystem processes: CBD Decision V/6, 2 and CBD Decision V/6 Annex SEE COMMENTARY 11

Restrict again!

Author Commentary 1

CITES Decision 13.1, (a)
Decisions of the Conference of the Parties in effect after the 13th meeting Annex 1
The purpose of the Strategic Vision (included as Annex 1) is ‘To ensure that no species of wild fauna and flora becomes or remains subject to unsustainable exploitation because of international trade.’

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 4 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that adaptive management should be practiced, based on: (a) science and traditional and local knowledge; (b) Iterative, timely and transparent feedback derived from monitoring the use, environmental, socio-economic impacts and the status of the resource being used; and (c) Adjusting management based on timely feedback from the monitoring procedures. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 5 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that sustainable use management goals and practices should avoid or minimize adverse impacts on ecosystem services, structure and functions as well as other components of ecosystems. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 7 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that the spatial and temporal scale of management should be compatible with the ecological and socio-economic scales of the use and its impact. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 9 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that an interdisciplinary, participatory approach should be applied at the appropriate levels of management and governance related to use. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 11 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that users of biodiversity components should seek to minimize waste and adverse environmental impact and optimize benefits from uses. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II
Practical Principle 13 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines states that the costs of management and conservation of biological diversity should be internalised within the area of management and reflected in the distribution of the benefits from the use. The Parties to CITES have also been urged to apply the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines in CITES Resolution 13.2, (a).

Author Commentary 8

Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, 8
Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex
The General Objective 1 of the Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008 is ‘To stimulate and assist all Contracting Parties to develop, adopt and use the necessary and appropriate instruments and measures to ensure the wise use of all wetlands within their territories.’

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VI/26, 3
CBD Decision VI/26, Annex
The purpose of the Strategic Plan for the CBD (contained in the Annex) is ‘to effectively halt the loss of biodiversity so as to secure the continuity of its beneficial uses through the conservation and sustainable use of its components and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources’.

Author Commentary 10

UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4, 1
UNCCD Decision 8/COP 4 Annex
The strategic areas for action over the next decade include:

  • Sustainable land use management, including water, soil and vegetation in affected areas
  • Sustainable use and management of rangelands
  • Development of sustainable agricultural and ranching production systems
  • Author Commentary 11

    CBD Decision V/6, 2
    CBD Decision V/6 Annex
    The twelve principles of the ecosystem approach are outlined in the Annex. Several of the principles (including 5,6,8 & 10) make clear that there is a close connection between sustainable use and the ecosystem approach.

    Author Commentary 12

    SADC Protocol on Wildlife and Law Enforcement, Article III i:
    The measures that can be taken to ensure conservation and sustainable use include the following; the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitats to ensure the maintenance of viable wildlife populations; prevention of over-exploitation and extinction of species; restrictions on the taking of wildlife, including but not limited to restrictions on the number, sex, size or age of specimens taken and the locality and season during which they may be taken; and restrictions on trade in wildlife and its products, both nationally and internationally, as required by relevant international agreements.