Activity 3: Promote sustainable tourism

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Test the applicability of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development, including the goal of ensuring that sustainable tourism is compatible with biodiversity conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/14, 6 and CBD Decision VII/14 Annex (Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Test the applicability of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development, including the objective of using political and economic tools to encourage the channelling of tourism revenues to supporting conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/14, 6 and CBD Decision VII/14 Annex (Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development) SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Test the applicability of the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development, including the objective of encouraging all stakeholders, as well as the private sector, to actively support conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision VII/14, 6 and CBD Decision VII/14 Annex (Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development) SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Integrate these Guidelines in the development of their plans for tourism development and biodiversity strategies: CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14 Annex (Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development)
  • Develop clear strategies to develop sustainable ecotourism sectors: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (a)
  • Develop strategies and plans, based on the ecosystem approach, that maximise opportunities for conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (b)
  • Develop and use indicators to measure impacts of tourism on biological diversity: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (c)
  • Pay attention to job creation and benefit sharing arising from sustainable use for tourism purposes: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (d)
  • Develop sustainable tourism as an important mechanism for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (e)
  • Raise awareness of tourism operators and their staff on biological diversity issues, to enhance conservation and sustainable use: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (f)
  • Implement a flexible mix of instruments including integrated planning and multi-stakeholder dialogue in order to contribute to sustainable use: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (g)
  • Understand the values and knowledge of the use of biological diversity held by indigenous and local communities and the opportunities these offer for sustainable tourism: CBD Decision V/25, 4 (i)
  • Complement voluntary efforts by establishing policies and legal frameworks for the effective implementation of sustainable tourism: CBD Decision V/25, 7 (b)

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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/14, 6
CBD Decision VII/14 Annex
One of the goals contained in the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development is ‘Sustainable tourism compatible with biodiversity conservation and sustainable use’ (CBD Decision VII/14 Annex, 22 (b)).

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/14, 6
CBD Decision VII/14 Annex
One of the objectives contained in the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development is ‘Use of political and economic tools and measures to encourage the channelling of part of total tourism revenues towards supporting the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, such as conservation of protected areas, education, research programmes or local community development’ (CBD Decision VII/14 Annex, 28 (e)).

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/14, 6
CBD Decision VII/14 Annex
One of the objectives contained in the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development is ‘Encouraging all stakeholders, as well as the private sector, to actively support the conservation of biodiversity and the sustainable use of its components’ (CBD Decision VII/14 Annex, 28 (f)).

Author Commentary 4

This obligation is duplicated in the Legislative Measures and National Policies section of this module.