Activity 6: Regulate trade of species threatened with extinction

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: List species threatened with extinction in CITES Appendix I

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Include all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade in Appendix I of CITES: CITES Article II.1
  • Include species that are or may be affected by trade in Appendix I in accordance with Article II, paragraph 1, if they meet at least one of the biological criteria listed in Annex 1 of this resolution: CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev CoP13), (a)
Component 2: Regulate trade in species threatened with extinction

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Only grant an export permit for any specimen of species included in Appendix I if a Scientific Authority of the State of export had advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species: CITES Article III.2 (a) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Only grant an import permit for any specimen of a species included in Appendix I if a Scientific Authority of the State of Import has advised that the import will be for purposes which are not detrimental to the survival of the species involved: CITES Article III.3 (a) SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Only grant a certificate for the introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix I if a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved: CITES Article III.5 (a) SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • A Party wishing the Conference of the Parties to establish a quota for a species included in Appendix I should submit its proposal with supporting information including the scientific basis for the proposed quota: CITES Resolution 9.21 (a) (Rev CoP13) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Management Authorities not issue any export or import permit or certificate of introduction from the sea, for species listed in the Appendices without first obtaining the advice of the appropriate Scientific Authority: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (c) SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Appropriate Scientific Authority should advise on the issuance of exports permits and certificates of introduction for the sea, stating whether the proposed trade would be detrimental to the survival of the species in question: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (g) SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Findings and advice of the Scientific Authority of the country of export be based on the scientific review of available biological, ecological and trade information relating to the species concerned: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (h)
  • Take into account any potential detriment to the survival of the listed species, when considering the making of non-detriment finding in accordance with Article III paragraph 2 (a), for specimens of hybrids that are subject to the provisions of the Convention: CITES Resolution 10.17
  • Trade in hunting trophies of animals of the species listed in Appendix I be permitted, with the exception of the exemptions granted under Article VII.3, only in accordance with Article III: CITES Resolution 2.11 SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • The Scientific Authority of the importing country should accept the finding of the Scientific Authority of the exporting country that the exportation of the hunting trophy of an animal listing in Appendix I is not detrimental to the survival of the species, unless there are data to indicate otherwise: CITES Resolution 2.11
  • The importing country should carry out its scientific examination in accordance with paragraph 3 (a) of Article III of the Convention independently of the result of the scientific assessment by the exporting country in accordance with paragraph 2 (a) of Article III, and vice versa: CITES Resolution 2.11
  • CITES Resolution 14.2 and CITES Resolution 14.2 Annex: Objective 1.5 of the CITES Strategic Vision: 2008-2013 (contained in the Annex), is that the best available scientific evidence is the basis for non-detriment findings.


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Author Commentary 1

CITES Article III.2 (a)
Article III.2 includes four sub-paragraphs setting out the conditions for granting export permits. Article III.2 (a) is the one sub-paragraph that refers explicitly to the need for non-detriment finding.

Author Commentary 2

CITES Article III.3 (a)
Article III.3 includes three sub-paragraphs setting out the conditions for granting import permits. Article III.3 (a) is the one sub-paragraph that refers explicitly to the need for a non-detriment finding.

Author Commentary 3

CITES Article III.5 (a)
Article III.5 includes three sub-paragraphs setting out the conditions for granting certificates for introduction from the sea. Article III.5 (a) is the one sub-paragraph which refers explicitly to the need for a non-detriment finding.

Author Commentary 4

CITES Resolution 9.21 (a) (Rev CoP13)
The following paragraph of this resolution states that whenever the Conference of the Parties has set an export quota for a particular species included in Appendix I, this action by the Parties satisfies the requirements of Article III regarding the findings by the appropriate Scientific Authorities that the export will not be detrimental to the survival of the species and that the purposes of the import will not be detrimental to the survival of the species, provided that: (i) the quota is not exceeded; and (ii) no new scientific or management data have emerged to indicate that the species population in the range State concerned can no longer sustain the agreed quota.

Author Commentary 5

CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (c)
This paragraph reinforces the obligations set out in Article III.2 (a), Article III.3 (a), Article III.3 (b) and Article III.5. (a).

Author Commentary 6

CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (g)
This obligation reinforces the obligations set out in Article III.2 (a) and Article III.5 (a).

Author Commentary 7

CITES Resolution 2.11
This paragraph reinforces the provisions of Article III.