Activity 7: Regulate trade in species that may become threatened with extinction

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: List species that may become threatened with extinction in CITES Appendix II

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Include all species which although not necessarily threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival in Appendix II of CITES: CITES Article II.2 (a)
  • Include species in Appendix II under the provisions of Article II, paragraph 2 (a) if they satisfy the criteria listed in Annex 2 a of this resolution: CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev. CoP14) (b)
  • Include species in Appendix II under the provisions of Article II, paragraph 2 (b) if they satisfy the criteria listed in Annex 2 b of this resolution: CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev. CoP14)(c)
  • Transfer species included in Appendix I to Appendix II only in accordance with the relevant precautionary measures listed in Annex 4: CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev CoP14) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Delete species included in Appendix II only in accordance with the relevant precautionary measures listed in Annex 4: CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev CoP14) SEE COMMENTARY 1
Component 2: Regulate trade in species that may become threatened with extinction

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Only grant an export permit for any specimen of a species included in Appendix II if a Scientific Authority of the State of export has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species: CITES Article IV.2 (a) SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • The Scientific Authority shall advise the appropriate Management Authority of suitable measures to be taken to limit the grant of export permits for specimens of species included in Appendix II whenever a Scientific Authority determines that the export of such specimens should be limited in order to maintain that species throughout its range at a level consistent with its role in the ecosystems in which it occurs and well above the level at which that species might become eligible for inclusion in Appendix I: CITES Article IV.3
  • Only grant a certificate for the introduction from the sea of any specimen of a species included in Appendix II if a Scientific Authority of the State of introduction advises that the introduction will not be detrimental to the survival of the species involved: CITES Article IV.6 (a) SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Certificates referred to in paragraph 6 of this Article may be granted on the advice of a Scientific Authority, in consultation with other national scientific authorities or international scientific authorities, in respect of periods not exceeding one year: CITES Article IV, 7
  • Management Authorities not issue any export or import permit or certificate of introduction from the sea, for species listed in the Appendices without first obtaining the advice of the appropriate Scientific Authority: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (c) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Appropriate Scientific Authority should advise on the issuance of exports permits and certificates of introduction for the sea, stating whether the proposed trade would be detrimental to the survival of the species in question: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (g) SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Appropriate Scientific Authority should monitor the status of native Appendix II species and export data and recommend, if necessary suitable remedial measures in order to maintain each species at level consistent with its role in the ecosystem: CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (j) SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Take into account any potential detriment to the survival of the listed species, when considering the making of non-detriment finding in accordance with Article IV paragraph 2 (a), for specimens of hybrids that are subject to the provisions of the Convention: CITES Resolution 10.17
  • Help ensure that the Goals specified in the CITES Strategic Vision: 2008-2013 are achieved by using the best available information for non-detriment findings: CITES Resolution 14.2 SEE COMMENTARY 3a
  • Follow the Guidelines for management of nationally established export quotas by establishing national export quotas for CITES-listed species whenever this is relevant to the management of the species: CITES Resolution 14.7 SEE COMMENTARY 3b
  • Follow the Guidelines for management of nationally established export quotas by ensuring that export quotas are set as a result of non-detriment findings: CITES Resolution 14.7 SEE COMMENTARY 3c

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Author Commentary 1

CITES Resolution 9.24 (Rev CoP13)
Annex 4 of this resolution (‘Precautionary measures’) sets out conditions for transferring species from Appendix I to Appendix II, and for deleting species from Appendix II.

Author Commentary 2

CITES Article IV.2 (a)
Article IV.2 includes three sub-paragraphs setting out the conditions for granting export permits. Article IV.2 (a) is the one sub-paragraph that refers explicitly to the need for a non-detriment finding.

Commentary 3

CITES Article IV.6 (a)
Article IV.6 includes two sub-paragraphs setting out the conditions for granting certificates for introduction from the sea. Only Article IV.6 (a) refers explicitly to the need for a non-detriment finding.

Author Commentary 3a

CITES Resolution 14.2 and CITES Resolution 14.2 Annex: Objective 1.5 of the CITES Strategic Vision: 2008-2013 (contained in the Annex) is that the best available scientific evidence is the basis for non-detriment findings.

Author Commentary 3b

CITES Resolution 14.7 and CITES Resolution 14.7 Annex: The Guidelines for management of nationally established export quotas (contained in the Annex) encourages Parties to establish national export quotas for CITES-listed species whenever this is relevant (Annex para 8).

Author Commentary 3c

CITES Resolution 14.7 and CITES Resolution 14.7 Annex The Guidelines for management of nationally established export quotas (contained in the Annex) states that export quotas should be set as a result of non-detriment findings (Annex para 10) 3c

Author Commentary 4

CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (c)
This paragraph reinforces the obligations set out in Article IV.2 (a) and Article IV.6 (a).

Author Commentary 5

CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (g)
This paragraph reinforces the obligations set out in Article IV.2 (a) and Article IV.6 (a).

Author Commentary 6

CITES Resolution 10.3 Recommends (j)
This paragraph reinforces the obligations set out in Article IV.3.