Activity 1: Ensure sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Ensure sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Consider the mainstreaming of the plans and programmes of local and indigenous communities for the conservation , development and use of agricultural biodiversity: CBD Decision VII/3, 10
  • Ratify the International Treaty of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, as an important instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources: CBD Decision VII/3, 13
  • Contribute to the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators by promoting the conservation and the restoration and sustainable use of pollinator diversity in agriculture and related ecosystems: CBD Decision VI/5, 11 SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Provide financial support to the implementation of the Plan of Action of the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators: CBD Decision VI/5, 12
  • Provide financial support to enable countries to participate in the preparatory process for the first Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources and to implement follow-up actions that contribute to the sustainable use of animal genetic resources: CBD Decision VI/5, 16
  • Address generic concerns regarding technologies such as genetic use restriction technologies under approaches to the safe and sustainable use of germplasm: CBD Decision VI/5, 16 SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Assess the need to develop effective regulations that take into account the specific nature of genetic use restriction technologies in order to ensure, inter alia, the sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/5, 19 SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Protect native species and associated traditional knowledge by paying particular attention to smallholder farmers, indigenous and local communities and Farmers’ Rights, in order to promote the sustainable use of genetic resources: CBD Decision VI/5, 22
  • Carry out the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity by promoting the positive effects and mitigating the negative impacts of agricultural systems on biological diversity: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Devision V/5 Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Carry out the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity by promoting the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources of actual and potential value for food and agriculture: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5,Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Carry out the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity by providing a comprehensive analysis of status and trends of the world’s agricultural biodiversity and their underlying causes, as well as local knowledge of its management: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5,Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Carry out the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity by strengthening the capacity of farmers, indigenous and local communities to manage sustainably agricultural biodiversity: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5,Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Carry out the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity by supporting the development of national plans for the sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity and promoting their mainstreaming: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5, Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Provide support for the implementation of the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity: CBD Decision V/5, 9 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Support actions to raise public awareness in support of sustainable farming and food production systems that maintain agricultural biodiversity: CBD Decision V/5, 10
  • Consider how to address concerns regarding genetic use restriction technologies under approaches to the safe and sustainable use of germplasm: CBD Decision V/5, 24
  • Identify ways to address the impacts of genetic use restriction technologies on the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity: CBD Decision V/5, 26
  • Assess the need to develop regulations for genetic use restriction technologies in order to ensure sustainable use: CBD Decision V/5, 27
  • Promote sustainable agricultural practices that will reduce negative impacts on biological diversity: CBD Decision IV/6, 4
  • Provide inputs on the identification of incentives to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biological diversity: CBD Decision IV/6, 6
  • Enhance mechanisms for information and education on the sustainable use of agrobiodiversity components: CBD Decision III/11, 13
  • Implement targeted incentive measures that have positive impacts on agrobiodiversity in order to enhance sustainable agriculture: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (d)
  • Encourage the development of technologies and farming practices that enhance biological diversity: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (e)
  • Build the capacity of indigenous and local communities to sustainably use and manage agricultural biological diversity: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (f)
  • Encourage evaluation of impacts on biological diversity from agricultural development projects: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (g)
  • Integrate with other plans relating to the sustainable use of other ecosystems: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (h)
  • Promote partnerships with research and development programmes for the sustainable use of biological diversity in agriculture: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (i)
  • Promote research into integrated pest management strategies that maintain biodiversity: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (k)
  • Consider introducing measures to encourage appropriate use of agro-chemicals with a view to reducing negative impacts on biological diversity: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (l)
  • Develop methods and indicators to monitor the impacts of agricultural development projects on biological diversity: CBD Decision III/11, 15 (m)
  • Develop inventories of the status of farm animal genetic resources and measures for their conservation and sustainable utilization: CBD Decision III/11, 16 (b)
  • Promote the transformation of unsustainable agricultural practices into sustainable production practices: CBD Decision III/11, 17(a)
  • Promote the use of farming practices that arrest degradation and enhance biological diversity: CBD Decision III/11, 17 (b)
  • Promote the mobilization of indigenous and local communities for the use of their knowledge and practices in the sustainable use of biological diversity in the agricultural sector: CBD Decision III/11, 17 (c)
  • Provide financial support and incentives for the sustainable use of biological diversity important to agriculture: CBD Decision III/11, 21
  • Integrate soil biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into national strategies and action plans: CBD Decision VIII/23, B5
  • Support and implement the International Soil Biodiversity Initiative including promoting flexible solutions to the problems caused by the unsustainable use of soil biodiversity: CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex SEE COMMENTARYa
  • Support and implement the International Soil Biodiversity Initiative including applying the ecosystem approach and the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for Sustainable Use: CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex SEE COMMENTARYb
  • Support and implement the International Soil Biodiversity Initiative including adoption of integrated ecosystem-level approaches for sustainable use: CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex SEE COMMENTARYc
Component 2: Ensure sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity in wetlands

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Identify and enhance positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, including sustainable agricultural systems related to those wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VIII/34, 19
  • When reviewing land tenure policies, consider wetland tenure systems and user rights in a manner that promotes fair, transparent and sustainable management of wetlands and their resources: Ramsar Resolution VIII/34, 20
  • When reviewing agricultural policies, identify possible subsidies or incentives that may be having negative impacts on water resources and wetlands: Ramsar Resolution VIII/34, 21
  • Contribute information on wetlands and agriculture to the Wise Use Resource Centre and other relevant initiatives: Ramsar Resolution VIII/34, 31

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Author Commentary a

CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and
CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex.
The annex contains a ‘Framework for Action’ and it is stated that progress in implementation can be made through adoption of integrated, ecosystem-level approaches for the conservation and sustainable use of soil biodiversity (3(a)(iii)).

Author Commentary b

CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and
CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex.
The annex contains a ‘Framework for Action’ and it is stated that the Initiative provides an opportunity to apply the ecosystem approach and the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for Sustainable Use.

Author Commentary c

CBD Decision VIII/23, B7(a) and
CBD Decision VIII/23, B Annex.
The annex contains a ‘Framework for Action’ and one of the strategic principles of this Framework (1h) is to promote innovative and flexible solutions, that are adapted to local conditions, to the problems caused by the unsustainable use of soil biodiversity.

Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VI/5, 11
CBD Decision VI/5, Annex II, II
One of the four objectives of the Plan of Action for the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators (contained in Annex II) is to promote the conservation and the restoration and sustainable use of pollinator diversity in agriculture and related ecosystems.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VI/5, 18
Repeats similar language to CBD Decision V/5, 24.

Author Commentary 3

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision V/5, 4
CBD Decision V/5, Annex A
Two of the objectives of the programme of work are relevant to sustainable use (Annex A, 2 (a) & (b)), as are the four operational objectives.