Memorandum of Understanding concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane (Grus leucogeranus)

The Siberian Crane MoU was the first MoU developed under CMS auspices. It was concluded on 1 July 1993 and revised on 1 January 1999.

Objectives and approach

Originally concentrating on the highly endangered Western and Central Populations of Siberian cranes, which migrate between breeding grounds in Western Siberia and wintering sites in Iran and India, respectively, the scope of the Memorandum was extended in 1998 to cover the larger Eastern Population which winters around Poyang Lake, China, and accounts for over 95% of the species.

Institutional structure

The MoU area covers twelve Range States including Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Work areas

The Conservation Plans for the Western, Central and Eastern Siberian Cranes, agreed in May 2001, are structured according to the Mouse basic objectives, followed by a number of programmes and specific activities that recognize both the similarities and differences in the actions required to restore the populations.

Important new information about critical sites has been gathered, recovery efforts are better co-coordinated and the remaining Western/Central Asian populations are managing to maintain stable numbers.