Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation on Environment Management (MOU of CEM)

The Memorandum of Understanding between the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Kenya and the Republic of Uganda for Cooperation in Environment Management (MOU of CEM) was adopted on 22 October 1998. This Memorandum of Understanding is part of the East African Community Treaty.

Objectives and approach

It provides for the development, enactment and implementation of harmonised national frameworks and sectoral environmental laws, regulations, guidelines and mechanisms. The MOU of CEM is designed to effectively manage shared resources, or transboundary resources, and ecosystems, especially those of forests, water, wildlife, and marine among others, with the full involvement of people in sustainable use and management of environment and natural resources.

Work areas

It requires parties to:

  • regulate, control and prohibit the introduction of alien genetic materials;
  • enact and harmonize environmental laws on Lake Victoria systems and other shared natural resources such as rivers and wetlands; and
  • constantly review and reform existing environmental legislation.

According to Article 51 of the Protocol on Environment and Natural Resources Management (2006), “the Memorandum of Understanding between the United Republic of Tanzania, the Republic of Kenya and the Republic of Uganda for Cooperation in Environment Management provided for under subparagraph (i) of paragraph 1 of Article 142 of the Treaty is hereby abrogated.” However, this Protocol did not enter into force yet, so the MoU of CEM is still into force. Once the Protocol will enter into force, this MoU will be abrogated.