This section sets out the obligations for Parties relating to cooperation on the conservation and sustainable use of inland waters. This includes cooperation internationally (including transboundary and on a wider international scale) and nationally, but also across sectors.

Cooperation has been highlighted by decisions and resolutions of environmental conventions frequently, making this a particularly rich section. Cooperation between the different conventions play an important role, and the provisions assembles here should help to implement cooperation nationally and internationally. Some examples might include the following:

  • Ramsar, CBD and World Heritage Convention require transboundary cooperation on specific sites. CBD and Ramsar have developed the joint River Basin Initiative offering a great potential for cooperation between focal points for different conventions nationally and internationally.
  • Joint work plans between the Ramsar Convention on one side and CMS, UNCCD and World Heritage Convention, respectively, on the other could also help cooperation between different players at the national level.
  • A number of provisions ask for cooperation at the national level on issues related to different conventions. Examples include the following:
    • Cooperation on the protected areas system, integrating Ramsar sites, World Heritage sites and Biosphere Reserves (the latter under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme)
    • Cooperation on implementation of the CBD programme of work on marine and coastal biodiversity, incorporating Ramsar sites (relevant here, for inland waters, as to coastal sites)EXPLAIN
    • Cooperation regarding migratory species between CBD, Ramsar, CMS and CITES
    • Cooperation between national authorities regarding invasive alien species – see also the section on cooperation of the invasive alien species module, which contains further obligations.
    • Cooperation between CBD and UNCCD focal points regarding sustainable use of dryland biodiversity –see also the section on sustainable use of particular types of biodiversity in the sustainable use module, with its provisions on dry and sub-humid lands.