Management

The section on management includes obligations and commitments relating to management planning and intervention. This includes the application of the results of assessment (see the section on assessment), and the conservation, sustainable use and restoration of habitats.

Information on the state of a PA should be fed into management; there are, therefore, close links between the assessment and management sections. These are the two largest sections in the module, representing their importance in the PA process.

The management section mostly comprises obligations from CBD and the Ramsar Convention, although all the other conventions are represented.

Activities are ordered by those involved in planning and implementing policies, followed by those involved in the protection of resources or habitats, and finally by an activity on management capacity.

Activities (with a brief description) included in this section are:

  • Use plans and strategies to manage PAs: applying information and design principles, and developing management plans.
  • Implement policies and plans for PAs: includes governance related to PAs.
  • Mitigate or remove external threats to PAs: direct and indirect threats from human activities outside PAs, including Invasive Alien Species (IAS)
  • Maintain healthy habitats and the resources they provide: predominantly the conservation and sustainable use of habitats and resources.
  • Restore the health of habitats and the resources they provide: intervening actions to restore and preserve the health of habitats and resources for conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.
  • Manage resource use in PAs: includes promoting sustainable use of resources in PAs.
  • Enforce and support management: enforcement, staff capacity and the general logistics of management.

Component 3 of the external threats activity deals exclusively with IAS. Users interested in IAS should refer to the IAS module for more comprehensive coverage of this topic. Likewise Component 4 of the external threats activity deals exclusively with climate change. Users interested in climate change should refer to the Biodiversity and Climate Change module for more comprehensive coverage of this topic.

There is a close relationship between the activities dealing with maintaining and restoring habitats. Obligations and commitments that contain both aspects were put in the restoration activity, as restoration is likely to be needed before habitats can be maintained.