Activity 4: Conduct research on PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Undertake research

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Component 2: Promote or facilitate research

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Author Commentary 1

WHC Article 5, c : Article 5 provides guidelines for implementing Article 4, which asks parties to identify, protect, conserve, present and transmit to future generations cultural and natural heritage situated on your territory, with any international assistance and co-operation you may be able to obtain.

Author Commentary 2

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 1.1 : Ramsar Strategic Plan 23-28, Operational Objective 1.1 is accompanied by Action 1.1.2, which outlines the type of information that national wetland inventories should include. World Heritage Convention Article 11, 1 could be complementary to all those Ramsar Resolutions and vice versa.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VIII/2, 5 : This includes national, regional and global data and should be collected for assessment of progress towards the 21 targets.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VIII/3, 9 and CBD Decision VIII/3, Annex : This is activity 3 of the planned activities to support the programme of work on mountain biodiversity. Parts within this activity should be referred to, particularly e, to provide taxonomic information, infrastructure and human resources to identify hot spots of mountain biodiversity and establish and monitor PAs.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VII/15, 6 : Also prepare for the consideration of the findings of this assessment by SBSTTA prior to COP9.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/4, 10 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex : This is goal 1.4 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity, which should be referred to for specific activities.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/5, 5 and CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I : This is objective 2.3 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity. It also refers to seamount and seagrass ecosystems. This obligation is duplicated in the threats activity of the management section, the policy activity of the legislation and policy section and the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 1 under goal 1 in programme element 2 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 1 under goal 3 in programme element 3 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision V/23, 3 and CBD Decision V/23, Annex : activity 4 under paragraph 6 of the draft programme of work on dry and sub-humid lands. Focus on ecosystem structure and functioning (e.g., grazing, droughts, floods, fires, tourism, agricultural conversion or abandonment).

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision V/23, 3 and CBD Decision V/23, Annex : activity 5 under paragraph 6 of the draft programme of work on dry and sub-humid lands. Studies of the relationship between biodiversity and poverty should include analysis of (i) the benefits from biodiversity for poverty alleviation; and (ii) the impact of biodiversity conservation on the poorest.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : part a of the responses to section A in the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5, Annex: part a of activity 2.1 in the Annex, which is the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity. Case studies should be carried out in a range of environments and production systems, and in each region.

Author Commentary 14

Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex, 1.3 : This obligation is duplicated in the monitor PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 15

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 3.1, 7 : Goal 3 is to use biosphere reserves for research, monitoring, education and training.

Author Commentary 16

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 4.4.2 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 4.4: to ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of PAs and PA systems. Considerations should also be given to methods and techniques for valuation of goods and services from PAs.

Author Commentary 17

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 4.4.3 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 4.4: to ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of PAs and PA systems.

Author Commentary 18

MAB Recommendations Goal 3 : deals with joint activities on research and monitoring under the goals of the Seville Strategy. These activities should be led by scientific boards and planned in joint sessions. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 19

CBD Decision VI/5, 8 and CBD Decision VI/5, Annex II : activity 4.4 of Annex II, which is a plan of action for the international initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators. This obligation is duplicated in part in the raise awareness activity of the CEPA section.

Author Commentary 20

CBD Decision VI/9, 2 and CBD Decision VI/9, Annex : part (iv) under 5 (a) 'Understanding and documenting plant diversity' in the objectives of the Annex, which is a global strategy for plant conservation. The aim of this obligation is for plant diversity, both in the wild and in the context of human activities, to be well understood and utilized to support conservation action.

Author Commentary 21

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : response to the second issue in section B of the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching. Such an approach is needed as coral bleaching is complex. Bear in mind the ecosystem approach and include ecological and societal issues. This obligation is duplicated in the monitor PAs activity of the assessment section and the planning activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 22

CBD Decision IV/4, 4 : Research should include investigations into the impacts of harmful substances, IAS and saltwater intrusions, and the identification of measures needed to address these issues where they constitute threats to inland water ecosystem biodiversity. This is part c of CBD Decision IV/4, 4, note parts a and b also contain priorities for funding and are found in the financial strategies activity of the economic instruments section and the planning activity of the management section.