Activity 1: Cooperate on transboundary PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Encourage the conclusion of bilateral, regional or multilateral arrangements which promote reciprocity, notification, exchange of information and consultation on activities under jurisdiction or control likely to adversely affect the biodiversity of other States or areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction: CBD Article 14, c
  • Cooperate with other Parties directly, or through international organizations, in respect of areas beyond national jurisdiction and on other matters of mutual interest, for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity: CBD Article 5
  • Do not take deliberate measures, which might damage directly or indirectly the cultural and natural heritage situated on the territory of other States Parties to this Convention. WHC Article 6, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 14
  • Continue strong collaboration and enhance collaboration with the State Party of Mexico in matters of shared interest for natural and cultural heritage: WHC Decision 30 COM 11B SEE COMMENTARY 15
  • Strengthen regional cooperation mechanisms including partnerships and networks among countries to address conservation challenges towards World Heritage more effectively: WHC Decision 30 COM 11D SEE COMMENTARY 16
  • Cooperate with World Heritage partners and stakeholders in the region and follow up on the implementation of the Action Plans for World Heritage in Latin America and the Caribbean in a concerted and concrete manner: WHC Decision 30 COM 11E SEE COMMENTARY 17
  • Establish regional and transboundary collaboration and cooperative agreements for mountain ranges CBD Decision VII/27, 3 and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex SEE COMMENTARY 18
  • When reviewing approaches to wetland restoration, address legislation, conservation incentives, impact assessment and transboundary action: Ramsar Resolution VII/17, 13 SEE COMMENTARY 19
  • Implement and coordinate work with other Parties on forest biodiversity and achieve greater integration and collaboration between national implementing agencies: CBD Decision VI/22, 29 SEE COMMENTARY 20
  • Develop closer collaboration with other Parties for the conservation and sustainable use of transboundary forest ecosystems and populations of species: CBD Decision VI/22, 33
  • Cooperate for the conservation and management of Dugong throughout the species’ range: CMS Recommendation 7.5, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 21
  • Enhance transboundary and international cooperation to implement the Saiga Action Plan to restore the habitat and populations of the saiga antelope through a regional conservation and management strategy: CITES Decision 13.29 SEE COMMENTARY 22
  • Contracting Parties with shared wetlands or river systems: Cooperate fully in the prevention and control of invasive species: Ramsar Resolution VIII.18, 21
  • Develop a Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of Grassland Bird Species and their Habitats in southern South America: CMS Resolution 8.26, 2 SEE COMMENTARY 23
  • Exchange information on, and experience with, wetland invasive species and promote regional cooperation of invasive species programmes: Ramsar Resolution VII.14, 18g
  • Seek cooperative approaches to impact assessment with neighbouring countries for shared wetlands and river basins: Ramsar Resolution VII. 16, 14 SEE COMMENTARY 24
  • Identify shared wetlands, river basins and wetland-dependent species in implementing the Guidelines for international cooperation under the Ramsar Convention: Ramsar Resolution VII.19, 10i SEE COMMENTARY 25
  • Work cooperatively with Contracting Parties with shared wetlands or river basins in the gathering of inventory information: Ramsar Resolution VII.20, 14
  • Work cooperatively in the gathering of inventory and related management information for shared wetlands or river basins: Ramsar Resolution VII.20, 14 SEE COMMENTARY 26
  • Cooperate on the development of an Agreement for the conservation of Southern Hemisphere albatrosses if you have breeding sites of albatrosses within national jurisdiction: CMS Resolution 6.3, 2
  • States implicated in the war in eastern DRC to cooperate to ensure respect for international law protecting World Natural Heritage and to provide assurance and support for the work of staff resident in the sites: WHC Decision 23 COM Agenda item X, Section A, Part X.4
  • Expand international mechanisms for cooperation and coordination of peatland conservation: Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 12
  • Strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation, in the field of wetland conservation, with countries with economies in transition: Ramsar Recommendation 5.5

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Author Commentary 1

MAB Statutory Framework Article 8 : This obligation is duplicated in the dissemination activity of the CEPA section.

Author Commentary 2

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 4.2, 15: This recommendation aims to develop creative connections and partnerships with other networks of similar managed areas and with international governmental and non-governmental organizations, with goals in line with those of the biosphere reserves.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VIII/30, 4 : This aims to increase ecosystem resilience and facilitate the migration and dispersal of species with limited tolerance to climate change.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VIII/22, 3: This is part g of CBD Decision VIII/22, 3, which requests facilitating effective implementation of Integrated Marine and Coastal Area Management (IMCAM).

Author Commentary 5

CITES Resolution 13.4, d: This obligation is duplicated in the restoring habitats activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 1.5.6 of the PAs programme of work, Goal 1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to PAs. Sustainable customary resource use of indigenous and local communities should be taken in to account in accordance with article 1(c) of the Convention. This obligation is duplicated in the resource use activity of the management section, the policy activity of the legislation and policy section and the preserve customs activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 4.1.1 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional PA systems. This obligation is duplicated in the indicators activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 1.3.1 of the PA programme of work, under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.3.3 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section and the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.3.4 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 3.1.11 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for PAs.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.3.1 of the PA programme of work, under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 13

CITES Resolution 12.5 : This Activity 1.3.3 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section and the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 14

WHC Article 6, 3 : this refers to cultural and natural heritage as defined in Articles 1 and 2.

Author Commentary 15

WHC Decision 30 COM 11B : This decision concerns the follow-up to the periodic report for North America. This is part 9, which concerns only Canada and the USA.

Author Commentary 16

WHC Decision 30 COM 11D : This is part 5 of this decision, which concerns the progress report on the implementation of the recommendations of the periodic report for Asia-Pacific

Author Commentary 17

WHC Decision 30 COM 11E : This is part 7 of this decision, which concerns the progress report on the implementation of the recommendations of the periodic report for Latin America and the Caribbean.

Author Commentary 18

CBD Decision VII/27, 3 and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex : This is goal 2.3 of the programme of work on mountain biodiversity, which should be referred to for details of the actions within it, especially actions 2.3.1 and 2.3.3.

Author Commentary 19

Ramsar Resolution VII/17, 13Ramsar Resolution VII/17, 13: This obligation is duplicated in the healthy habitats activity of the management section and the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 20

CBD Decision VI/22, 29: coordination is particularly requested in relation to the CBD and the United Nations Forum on Forests. Achieve greater integration and collaboration between national implementing agencies through joint strategies or policies, and coordinating committees at political and/or technical levels. This obligation is duplicated in the cooperate between groups activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 21

CMS Recommendation 7.5, 2 CMS Recommendation 7.5, 2: Applies to Parties that have known breeding and habitat sites for Dugong within their national jurisdictions.

Author Commentary 22

CITES Decision 13.29 : This applies to all range States of Saiga tatarica: Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Russian Federation, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, although Mongolia is also urged to participate (see CITES Decision 13.30). Report on this through the Secretariat, to the Standing Committee at each of its meetings between its 53rd meeting and the 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties. This decision is duplicated in the restore habitats activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 23

CMS Resolution 8.26, 2 : This is relevant to all the Range States involved, whether or not a Party to CMS.

Author Commentary 24

Ramsar Resolution VII. 16, 14: This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 25

Ramsar Resolution VII.19, 10i : This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 26

Ramsar Resolution VII.20, 14 : This obligation is duplicated in the assess sites activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 27

This obligation is duplicated in Cooperation section [Act. 2 & 3] of this module.