Activity 1: Use plans and strategies to manage PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Author Commentary 1

MAB Statutory Framework Article 5, 2 : Proposals for extension follow the same procedure as described for new designations in paragraph 1 of this Article. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 2

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation I.2, 4 : Objective 1.2 aims to integrate biosphere reserves into conservation planning.

Author Commentary 3

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation II.1, 3 : 1) includes sacred sites and 2) includes peri-urban areas, degraded rural areas, coastal areas, freshwater environments and wetlands. Objective 2.1 aims to secure the support and involvement of local people.

Author Commentary 4

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation II.2, 1 : Objective 2.2 aims to ensure better harmonization and interaction among the different biosphere reserve zones.

Author Commentary 5

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation IV.1, 6 : Goal 4 is to implement the biosphere reserve concept.

Author Commentary 6

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation IV.2, 13 : Goal 4 is to implement the biosphere reserve concept.

Author Commentary 7

Ramsar Resolution IX.20, 13 : The paragraph makes reference to programme element 1 of the CBD programme of work on protected areas in CBD Decision VII/28, Annex and its provisions on planning, selecting, establishing, strengthening and managing protected area systems and sites.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VIII/24, 11 : Collaborating to protect ecosystems in marine areas beyond the limits of national jurisdiction should be carried out in the context of international law, including the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, and based on scientific information.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VIII/24, 29 : Toolkits should be used in the implementation of the programme of work on PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the develop tools activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex: This is part d of guideline 28 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Guideline 29 should also be referred to.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/16, E9 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part E : This is element 17 of the plan of action for retention of traditional knowledge.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.1.5 of the PAs programme of work from Goal 1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of PAs integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.2.4 of the PAs programme of work and suggests tools such as ecological corridors linking together PAs where necessary or beneficial as determined by national priorities for the conservation of biodiversity.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.3.3 of the PAs programme of work from Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section and the transboundary PAs activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.4.1 of the PAs programme of work, Goal 1.4: To substantially improve site-based PA planning and management. This process should be highly participatory and involve indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. An alternative form of this obligation is duplicated in the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 16

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.4.5 of the PAs programme of work, Goal 1.4: To substantially improve site-based PA planning and management.

Author Commentary 17

CBD Decision VII/28, 13 : This decision should be implemented with follow up to the WSSD Plan of Implementation and the conclusions of Inter-Sessional Meeting on the Multi-Year Programme of Work of the Conference of the Parties up to 21 in mind.

Author Commentary 18

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 4.1.3 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional PA systems.

Author Commentary 19

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 1 under Goal 1 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 20

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex: part (d) of objective 3 'ensure adequate and effected protected forest area networks' under Goal 3 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 21

Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, 10 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, Annex : The New Guidelines for management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands supersede the Guidelines on management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands.

Author Commentary 22

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : response to the first issue in section C of the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching. This obligation is duplicated in the policy activity of the legislation and policy section and the implementing activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 23

Ramsar Resolution VII.12, 19 : specifies Ramsar Recommendation 6.13, 7 and Ramsar Resolution 5.7 (these two being almost identical) and Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex, which in addition asks for a regular review of management plans.

Author Commentary 24

Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 15 : This obligation is duplicated in the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 25

Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex, 1.2 : This obligation is duplicated in the monitor PAs activity and the develop tools activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 26

CBD Article 8, f : This obligation is duplicated in the implementing activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 27

MAB Recommendations Goal 2 : deals with the human component of biosphere reserves under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 29

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 12.1 : Action 12.1.1 under this Operational Objective calls for cooperation with the adjoining jurisdiction in the management of the shared wetland systems, referring to the Guidelines on integrating wetland conservation and wise use into river basin management (Ramsar Resolution VII.18, Annex) and the Principles and guidelines for integrating wetlands into Integrated Coastal Zone Management (Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, Annex).

Author Commentary 30

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 12.1 >: The actions under this Operational Objective for Parties focus on reviewing the Wise Use concept (action 3.1.1), compiling advice and best practice studies for the wise use of wetlands (action 3.12), ensuring that the application of the Convention New guidelines for management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands (Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, Annex) is applied (action 3.1.3), and disseminating and encouraging the use of the Convention’s guidance on the wise use concept to governments, agencies and donors (action 3.1.4). This obligation is duplicated in the dissemination activity of the CEPA section.

Author Commentary 31

UNFCCC Article 4, 1e : This obligation is duplicated in the cooperate internationally activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 32

WHC Decision 30 COM 11A.1 : This decision deals with presentation of the periodic report for sections I and II of Europe. This is part 10, which also notes the importance of management plans for the protection of World Heritage properties and that many European sites reviewed lack management plans.

Author Commentary 33

WHC Decision 28 COM 10B, 4 : This obligation is duplicated in the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 34

CBD Decision VIII/22, 3 : This is part e of CBD Decision VIII/22, 3, which requests facilitating effective implementation of IMCAM.

Author Commentary 35

CBD Decision VIII/22, 6 : This is part b of CBD Decision VIII/22, 6. These adaptive programmes should respond to environmental change and recurrent or emerging hazards.

Author Commentary 36

CITES Resolution 13.2 and CITES Resolution 13.2, Annex : This is practical principle 5 of the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines.

Author Commentary 37

CBD Decision VII/16, F6 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part F : This is part 56 of the Akwe: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. The cultural, environmental and social impact assessment processes should reflect this.

Author Commentary 38

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex: objective 2 under Goal 3 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 39

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 3 under Goal 1 in programme element 2 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 40

CBD Decision VI/5, 8 and CBD Decision VI/5, Annex II : activity 2.3 of Annex II, which is a plan of action for the international initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators. Other suggested activities include the development of guidelines for policy makers and farmers, the development of model-testing protocols for the introduction of non-native pollinators and to assess impacts of agrochemicals and other technologies on pollinators and pollinator activities.

Author Commentary 41

CBD Decision V/23, 3 and CBD Decision V/23, Annex : part a of activity 7 under paragraph 11 of the draft programme of work on dry and sub-humid lands. Parts b to m should also be referred to.

Author Commentary 42

CBD Decision V/25, 4 : Strategies and plans should also aim to achieve a balance between economic, social, cultural and environmental concerns, while maximizing opportunities for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity, the equitable sharing of benefits and the recognition of traditional knowledge, in accordance with Article 8(j) of the Convention, and seek to minimize risks to biodiversity.

Author Commentary 43

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : response to the second issue in section B of the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching. Such an approach is needed as coral bleaching is complex. Bear in mind the ecosystem approach and include ecological and societal issues. This obligation is duplicated in the monitor PAs and the research activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 44

CBD Decision IV/4, 4 : plans should be based on an ecosystem approach and should include transboundary watersheds, catchments and river basins, and ecosystems identified under subparagraph (a) of CBD Decision IV/4, 4. This is part b of CBD Decision IV/4, 4, note parts a and c also contain priorities for funding and are found in the financial strategies activity of the economic instruments section and the research activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 45

Ramsar Resolution VIII.33, 8 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.33, Annex : The Guidance for identifying, sustainably managing, and designating temporary pools as Wetlands of International Importance addresses identification of temporary pools, sustainably managing temporary pools and the designation of temporary pools as Ramsar sites.

Author Commentary 46

Ramsar Resolution VIII.9, 19 : This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 47

Ramsar Recommendation 6.1., 10 : This obligation is duplicated in the implementing activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 48

CBD Decision III/11, 17 : Carry this out with the support of the relevant international and regional organizations.

Author Commentary 49

CMS Recommendation 4.3, 4 : applicable to Range States. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing sites activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 50

Ramsar Recommendation 5.4: for Contracting Parties also Parties to the CBD.

Author Commentary 52

Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex : The Framework for Implementing the Convention carries a number of provisions relevant for aspects of wetland management: Development of a planning system for wetland conservation based upon natural catchment areas (2.3); Development of management plans to maintain the populations of wetland species and of recovery plans for endangered species, as well as the regular review of these plans to ensure that their objectives, priorities and actions remain appropriate (3.4).