Activity 3: Mitigate or remove external threats to PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
Restrict the information to :
All agreements
Global agreements Regional agreements
Restrict to selected parties

or press CTRL or key to select more

Component 1: Direct threats from human activities

Direct relevant obligations and commitments

Indirect relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Indirect threats from human activities

Indirect relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Threats from IAS

Direct relevant obligations and commitments

Indirect relevant obligations and commitments

Component 4: Threats by climate change

Indirect relevant obligations and commitments

Component 5: Unspecified threats

Direct relevant obligations and commitments

Indirect relevant obligations and commitments


Restrict again!

Author Commentary 1

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation II.1, 4 : This should be done by transferring technologies such as traditional knowledge. Objective 2.1 aims to secure the support and involvement of local people.

Author Commentary 2

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 31 : Reference is made to the 1997 FAO Code of Conduct and its associated Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries - Aquaculture Development (see http://www.fao.org/figis/servlet/static?xml=CCRF_prog.xml&dom=org)and the 2 Bangkok Declaration and Strategy for Aquaculture Development (Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA)/FAO).

Author Commentary 3

WHC Decision 30 COM 11C.2 : This decision concerns the progress report on the protection of the Palestinian cultural and natural heritage. This is part 6, which applies to all parties concerned with the safeguarding of the Palestinian cultural and natural heritage. This is a repeat of WHC Decision 29 COM 11D part 7.

Author Commentary 4

WHC Decision 30 COM 11C.2 : This is part 8 of this decision, which concerns the progress report on the protection of the Palestinian cultural and natural heritage.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex : This is Goal 6 of the programme of work on island biodiversity. The actions within this goal and supporting actions under this goal in the appendix to the programme of work should be referred to.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VIII/2, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/2, Annex: This is Goal 5 of the programme of work on dry and sub-humid land biodiversity. The target within this goal includes reducing the impact of fires on biodiversity, and should be referred to.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex : This is included in part 22 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development, which aims to minimize social and environmental impacts from tourism on biodiversity.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex: objective 4 under Goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 6 under Goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 10

WHC Decision 7 COM Agenda item X, part 39: addressed to all parties concerned by the events occurring in Lebanon

Author Commentary 11

Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex : The Framework for Implementing the Convention carries a number of provisions relevant for aspects of wetland management: Provision of measures to mitigate or exclude any adverse effects of wetland transformation, including compensation measures, if transformation of wetlands is planned (national measures number 2.6); monitoring and follow-up of authorized operations affecting wetlands including the adoption and utilization of corrective measures where required (2.7); definition and implementation of measures required to maintain the ecological character of wetlands (3.1); promotion of the sustainable management of wetlands to avoid over-exploitation of wetlands resources, and to provide for a firm social and economic basis for wetland conservation (3.2); effective conservation of listed wetlands, including wardening, development of buffer zones, and other land-use control mechanisms (5.2).

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex : This is Goal 7 of the programme of work on island biodiversity. The actions within this goal should be referred to, which relate to developing and implementing measures to reduce the impact of climate change and pollution. Supporting actions under this goal in the appendix to the programme of work should also be referred to.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VIII/2, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/2, Annex : This is Goal 6 of the programme of work on dry and sub-humid land biodiversity. The targets within this goal include reducing pollution and enhancing biodiversity resilience to climate change and should be referred to.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VIII/2, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/2, Annex : This is objective 2.3 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity. The specific work plan on coral bleaching, Appendix 1, should be referred to, which includes activities on management actions, information gathering, capacity-building, policy development and financing for the management of coral reef resistance to bleaching. Appendix 2 includes elements of a work plan on physical destruction of coral reefs, including cold-water corals. This obligation is duplicated in the research activity of the assessment section, the policy activity of the legislation and policy section and the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 2 under Goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 16

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 3 under Goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 17

CBD Decision IV/5, 4 : paragraph 4 under section II. Coral Reefs.

Author Commentary 18

Ramsar Resolution VIII.18, 16 adds climate change as an aspect to be taken into account.

Author Commentary 19

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.5.4 of the PA programme of work, Goal 1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to Pas

Author Commentary 20

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 5.1: For more details, see in particular the activity on management within the module on IAS.

Author Commentary 21

CBD Decision VIII/1, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex : This is Goal 6 of the programme of work on island biodiversity. The actions within this goal and supporting actions under this goal in the appendix to the programme of work should be referred to.

Author Commentary 22

CBD Decision VIII/27, 50 : Take into account the Guidelines on Biodiversity and Tourism Development adopted in CBD Decision VII, 14.

Author Commentary 23

CBD Decision VIII/27, 59 : This activity focuses on preventing the spread of IAS with respect to transboundary catchments, watershed and river-basin management, and inter-basin water transfers.

Author Commentary 24

CBD Decision VIII/2, 3 and CBD Decision VIII/2, Annex : This is Goal 6 of the programme of work on dry and sub-humid land biodiversity. The targets within this goal should be referred to.

Author Commentary 25

CBD Decision VII/4, 10 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex : This is Goal 3.1 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity, which should be referred to for specific activities.

Author Commentary 26

CBD Decision VII/4, 10 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex : objective 1 under Goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 27

CBD Decision VI/23, 5 and CBD Decision VI/23, Annex : guiding principle 3 of the Annex. The ecosystem approach is described in CBD Decision V/6.

Author Commentary 28

Ramsar Resolution VIII.18, 15 : adds climate change as an aspect to be taken into account.

Author Commentary 29

CBD Decision V/8, 1 and CBD Decision V/8, Annex I : guiding principle 3 of Annex I, which consists of the interim guiding principles for the prevention, introduction and mitigation of impacts of alien species. Measures should be in line with the relevant provisions of the Convention and the decisions of the Conference of the Parties.

Author Commentary 30

CBD Decision VI/22, 10 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : See Programme element 1: conservation, sustainable use and benefit-sharing, Goal 1: to apply the ecosystem approach to the management of all types of forests, Objective 3: mitigate the negative impacts of climate change on forest biodiversity, Activity (d).

Author Commentary 31

CBD Decision V/4, 16: This is directed at the UNFCCC, including its Kyoto Protocol and therefore interpreted to be meant for Parties to the UNFCCC and KP. Forest and carbon sequestration are specifically mentioned.

Author Commentary 32

Ramsar Resolution VIII.3, 17 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex: “Ecological character” of wetlands is defined in Ramsar Resolution VII.10, 11 as “the sum of the biological, physical and chemical components of the wetland ecosystem, and their interactions, which maintain the wetland and its products, functions and attributes.” The relevant action under Ramsar Resolution VIII.25, Annex is Action 3.4.9 under Operational Objective 3.4: Integrate policies on the conservation and wise use of wetlands in the planning activities in all Contracting Parties, and in decision-making processes at national, regional, provincial and local levels, particularly concerning territorial management, groundwater management, catchment/river basin management, coastal and marine zone planning, and responses to climate change, Operational Objective 3: Integration of wetland use into sustainable development. Examples of policy responses identified are revegetation and management, afforestation and reforestation. Note that the global implementation target for 2003 to 2005 is that all relevant Contracting Parties have assessed the implications of Kyoto Protocol implementation on wetlands (including applying COP8 restoration guidelines). This target is reiterated in Operational Objective 3.4.8, Ramsar Resolution VIII.26, Annex I .

Author Commentary 33

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.5.5 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 1.5, which aims to prevent and mitigate the negative impact of key threats to PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 34

CBD Decision VII/27, 3 and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex : This is Goal 1.1 of the programme of work on mountain biodiversity. This should be referred to for details of the actions within it.

Author Commentary 35

CBD Decision VII/5, 5 and CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I : This is objective 1.2 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity. It includes part (a), which promotes protection and restoration of spawning and nursery areas.

Author Commentary 36

This obligation is duplicated in the Sustainable Use module [Management and Cooperation sections], the IAS module [Management and Cooperation sections], the Inland Waters module [Cooperation section] and the Protected Areas module [Cooperation section].