Activity 1: Review and develop legislation for PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1:Develop national policies

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Implement national policies

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.5.6 of the PAs programme of work, Goal 1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to PAs. Sustainable customary resource use of indigenous and local communities should be taken in to account in accordance with article 1(c) of the Convention. This obligation is duplicated in the resource use activity of the management section, the cooperate internationally activity of the cooperation section and the preserve customs activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision V/3, 6 :respond to the first issue in section C of the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching. This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section and the implementing activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision V/16,3 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : task 2 in the Annex, which is a programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j) and related provisions of the CBD. Effective participation should occur at international, regional, sub-regional, national and local levels. This obligation is duplicated in the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 4

Ramsar Resolution VII.17, 12 : This obligation is duplicated in the healthy habitats activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision V/3, 2 :part d of paragraph 6, which urges Parties to implement response measures to coral bleaching

Author Commentary 6

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 1.2, 2 : Strategies include national biodiversity strategies and action plans in Article 6 of the CBD. Objective 1.2 aims to integrate biosphere reserves into conservation planning.

Author Commentary 7

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 1.2, 3 : Objective 1.2 aims to integrate biosphere reserves into conservation planning.

Author Commentary 8

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 2.1, 2: Objective 2.1 aims to secure the support and involvement of local people.

Author Commentary 9

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 2.3, 1 : Objective 2.3 is to Integrate biosphere reserves into regional planning.

Author Commentary 10

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 2.3, 2 : Objective 2.3 is to Integrate biosphere reserves into regional planning.

Author Commentary 11

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 4.1, 8 : These plans should strive for complementarity and added value of biosphere reserves with respect to other national instruments for conservation. Goal 4 is to implement the biosphere reserve concept.

Author Commentary 12

MAB Recommendations Goal 1 : aims to develop a concerted strategy for conservation under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VII/28, 11 : Development strategies include country assistance, poverty reduction and national development strategies.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 2.1.6 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.1, which aims to promote equity and benefit-sharing. Draw upon the Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of the Benefits Arising out of their Utilization as appropriate.

Author Commentary 15

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008: Operational Objective 2.1 : The actions that accompany this Operational Objective suggest the development of a National Wetland Policy (action 2.1.1) and the integration of wetland policies with other strategic or planning processes and documents (action 2.1.2).

Author Commentary 16

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 3.4 : Actions 3.4.2, 3.4.5 and 3.4.6 suggested under this Operational Objective encourage the application of, respectively, the Guidelines for integrating wetland conservation and wise use into river basin management (Ramsar Resolution VII.18, Annex), the Guidelines for integrating wetlands into integrated coastal zone management (Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, Annex), and the Guidelines for the allocation and management of water for maintaining the ecological functions of wetlands (Ramsar Resolution VIII.1). They also suggest ensuring that national policy responses to the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol do not damage the ecological character of wetlands (action 3.4.9; see also the activities on management (adaptation and mitigation) within the module on climate change).

Author Commentary 17

MAB Recommendations Goal 1 : This is Activity 3.1.4 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 3.1, which aims to provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for PAs. The rule of law, decentralization and participatory decision-making mechanisms should be considered.

Author Commentary 18

MAB Recommendations Goal 1 : aims to develop a concerted strategy for conservation under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 19

MAB Recommendations Goal 2: deals with the human component of biosphere reserves under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 20

WHC Article 5, a : Article 5 provides guidelines for implementing Article 4, which asks parties to identify, protect, conserve, present and transmit to future generations cultural and natural heritage situated on your territory, with any international assistance and cooperation you may be able to obtain.

Author Commentary 21

UNCCD Decision 7/5, 2 : applies to affected developing country Parties and other Parties covered by Regional Implementation Annexes of the Convention and their multilateral partners. Decision 5 involves mobilization of resources for implementation of the Convention.

Author Commentary 22

CBD Decision VIII/19, 5: This obligation is duplicated in the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 23

CBD Decision VIII/22, 3 : This is part c of CBD Decision VIII/22, 3, which requests facilitating effective implementation of IMCAM

Author Commentary 24

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 33 : The provision repeats Ramsar Resolution VIII.32 12 on policies and strategies for mangrove ecosystems. Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 33 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 12 on policies and strategies for mangrove ecosystems and Ramsar Resolution VII/21, 13 on policies for intertidal wetlands contribute to Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, 16, which addresses policies and practices for coastal wetlands in general.

Author Commentary 25

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex : This is guideline 49 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Refer to guideline 44 for information on impact management.

Author Commentary 26

CBD Decision VII/5, 5 and CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I :This is objective 2.3 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity. This obligation is duplicated in the research activity of the assessment section, the threats activity of the management section and the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 27

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : Annex objective 2 under goal 1 in programme element 2 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details

Author Commentary 28

CBD Decision VI/5, 8 and CBD Decision VI/5, Annex II : activity 3.2 of Annex II, which is a plan of action for the international initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators. Improvements could include consideration of how certification schemes might contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of pollinator diversity.

Author Commentary 29

CBD Decision VI/5, 8 and CBD Decision VI/5, Annex II : activity 4.1 of Annex II, which is a plan of action for the international initiative for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators.

Author Commentary 30

CBD Decision V/3, 6 : part b of paragraph 6, which urges Parties to implement response measures to coral bleaching. Multidisciplinary approaches include the use of early-warning system, and collaborating with the International Coral Reef Initiative and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network.

Author Commentary 31

CBD Decision IV/10, 1 : part a of paragraph 1. The design of incentive measures should also take in to account the various conditions of the Parties and employ the precautionary approach of Principle 15 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.

Author Commentary 32

Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 15 : This obligation is duplicated in the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 33

CBD Decision III/11, 15: part (h) of paragraph 15. Carry this out in accordance with Article 6 (b) of the CBD.

Author Commentary 34

Ramsar Recommendation 4.1 : This obligation is duplicated in the healthy habitats activity of the management section.