Activity 3: Establish and designate new PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Author Commentary 1

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 1.1, 4 : This should be carried out in light of the analysis, and taking into account existing PAs

Author Commentary 2

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 4.2, 16 : Goal 4 is to implement the biosphere reserve concept.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex : This is part b of guideline 28 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Guideline 29 should also be referred to. This obligation is duplicated in the impacts activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.1.2 of the PAs programme of work and requests a focus on threatened species and migratory species. And is an activity under Goal 1.1, which encourages the establishment and strengthening of national and regional PA systems.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This refers to Activity 1.1.3 of the PA programme of work under Goal 1.1, which encourages the establishment and strengthening of national and regional PA systems. Marine ecosystems beyond areas of national jurisdiction in accordance with applicable international law and transbourndary inland water ecosystems should be taken into account.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.1.6 of the PAs programme of work and recommends that terrestrial PAs be designated by 2010 and marine PAs by 2012. And is an activity under Goal 1.1, which encourages the establishment and strengthening of national and regional PA systems.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.1.7 of the PAs programme of work and is an activity under Goal 1.1, which encourages the establishment and strengthening of national and regional PA systems. This should be carried out in accordance with article 8(j) and related provisions. This obligation is duplicated in the impacts activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This Activity 1.3.3 of the PAs programme of work from Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section and the transboundary PAs activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VII/4, 10 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex : This is goal 1.2 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity, which should be referred to for specific activities.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/5, 23 : Refer to CBD Decision VII/5, 21 and 22 and Appendix 3 to Annex 1, which sets out elements of a marine and coastal biodiversity management framework

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/5, 28: provides guidance for the development of a national marine and coastal biodiversity management framework.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/5, 5 and CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I : This is objective 3.1 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity, including part a, which aims to establish networks of PAs that include those that allow, and those that exclude, extractive uses. Appendix 3, comprising elements of a marine and coastal biodiversity management framework, should be referred to.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex: part a of objective 6 under goal 2 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Creation of reserves and conservation methods should respect the rights and interests of indigenous and local communities.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : part c of objective 3 'ensure adequate and effected protected forest area networks' under goal 3 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Restoration areas should be established in a manner similar to that outlined for PAs in part b of objective 3.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : part b of objective 3 'ensure adequate and effected protected forest area networks' under goal 3 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Participation of SIL communities should be carried out in accordance with Article 8(j). This obligation is duplicated in the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 16

Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15 Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15: applies only to Parties in the Asia-Pacific region. Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15 calls for achieving the goal of 2000 Ramsar sites by 2005, while Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15, Ramsar Recommendation 6.11, 13, Ramsar Recommendation 5.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 1.3 call for more nominations of Ramsar sites in specific regions, complementing Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15.

Author Commentary 17

CMS Resolution 5.4, 2 and CMS Resolution 5.4, Annex paragraph 5.2 under objective 5 'to prioritise conservation actions for migratory species'. This should be done in close co-operation with other Range States, taking into account commitments under other international instruments

Author Commentary 18

Ramsar Recommendation 6.7, 9 , Ramsar Recommendation 7.1, 8 and Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 9 as well as Ramsar Recommendation 6.7, 9 are superseded by Ramsar Resolution VIII.11, 5-7.

Author Commentary 19

Ramsar Recommendation 6.11, 13:applies only to Parties in the Mediterranean. Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15 calls for achieving the goal of 2000 Ramsar sites by 2005, while Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15, Ramsar Recommendation 6.11, 13, Ramsar Recommendation 5.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 1.3 call for more nominations of Ramsar sites in specific regions, complementing Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15.

Author Commentary 20

Ramsar Recommendation 7.1, 8 and Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 9, as well as Ramsar Recommendation 6.7, 9 are superseded by Ramsar Resolution VIII.11, 5-7.

Author Commentary 21

Ramsar Recommendation 5.1 : This obligation only applies to Contracting Parties along the East Asia flyway. Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15 calls for achieving the goal of 2000 Ramsar sites by 2005, while Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15, Ramsar Recommendation 6.11, 13, Ramsar Recommendation 5.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 1.3 call for more nominations of Ramsar sites in specific regions, complementing Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15.

Author Commentary 22

Ramsar Recommendation 4.4 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex (goal 1.2, see commentary 9) complement each other, although Ramsar’s wetlands and the CBD’s inland waters are not identical and Ramsar Recommendation 4.4 is restricted to national networks. Both Ramsar Recommendation 4.4 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex contributes to the wider-ranging CBD Decision VII/28, Annex .

Author Commentary 23

CBD Decision VI/9, 2 and CBD Decision VI/9, Annex: part (b) (iv) of paragraph 12, which is target 5 of the global targets for the year 2010. The Annex is the global strategy for plant conservation

Author Commentary 24

Ramsar Resolution VIII.11, 5-7 : calls on Parties to designate suitable peatlands, wet grasslands, mangroves and coral reefs for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance. The resolution points to the Guidance for identifying and designating peatlands, wet grasslands, mangroves and coral reefs as Wetlands of International Importance in the annex as well as to the Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance, contained in Ramsar Resolution VII.11, Annex. Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 17 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 18 are also about the designation of mangroves as Ramsar sites, emphasizing those sites that are important for local communities and indigenous peoples, and recognizing the importance of mangrove ecosystems for migratory and non-migratory birds.

Author Commentary 25

Ramsar Resolution VIII.33, 8 and Ramsar Resolution VIII.33, Annex: The Guidance for identifying, sustainably managing, and designating temporary pools as Wetlands of International Importance addresses identification of temporary pools, sustainably managing temporary pools and the designation of temporary pools as Ramsar sites.

Author Commentary 26

Ramsar Resolution VII. 13, 8 , Ramsar Resolution VII.13, 6 and Ramsar Resolution VII.13, Annex on the Guidelines for identifying and designating karst and other subterranean hydrological systems as Wetlands of International Importance are complimentary to Ramsar Resolution VII.13, 8; they repeat Ramsar Resolution VI.5, 9.

Author Commentary 27

Ramsar Recommendation 7.1, 8 and Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 9 as well as Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 9 are superseded by Ramsar Resolution VIII.11, 5-7

Author Commentary 28

Ramsar Resolution VI.5, 9, Ramsar Resolution VII. 13, 8 and Ramsar Resolution VII. 13, 8 : on the Guidelines for identifying and designating karst and other subterranean hydrological systems as Wetlands of International Importance are complimentary to Ramsar Resolution VII.13, 8; they repeat Ramsar Resolution VI.5, 9. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 29

Ramsar Recommendation 4.2 and Ramsar Recommendation 4.2, Annex I : Ramsar Recommendation 4.2 is basically identical with Ramsar Recommendation 3.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 1.4. Note that the criteria for identifying wetlands of international importance have been revised since their first adoption and are now available as Ramsar Recommendation 4.2, Annex I.

Author Commentary 30

Ramsar Recommendation 3.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 4.2 are basically identical with and Ramsar Recommendation 1.4. Note that the criteria for identifying wetlands of international importance have been revised since their first adoption and are now available as Ramsar Recommendation 4.2, Annex I.

Author Commentary 31

Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15 calls for achieving the goal of 2000 Ramsar sites by 2005, while Ramsar Recommendation 7.3, 15, Ramsar Recommendation 6.11, 13, Ramsar Recommendation 5.1 and Ramsar Recommendation 1.3 call for more nominations of Ramsar sites in specific regions, complementing Ramsar Resolution VII.11, 15.