Activity 2: Build capacity for PAs

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Education and training

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Developing and transferring technologies

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Building institutional capacity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

MAB Statutory Framework Article 7, 3 : The Network refers to the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. This obligation is duplicated in the cooperate internationally activity of the cooperation section

Author Commentary 2

MAB Seville Strategy Recommendation 3.4, 3 : Training programmes should include how to design and implement inventory and monitoring programmes in biosphere reserves, how to study socio-cultural conditions, how to solve conflicts and how to manage resources co-operatively in an ecosystem or landscape context. Goal 3 is to use biosphere reserves for research, monitoring, education and training.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 3.2.1 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 3.2, which aims to build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of PAs. These should be created based on national protected-area capacity needs assessments, see the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.2.4 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. It applies to community-based and private PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section and the participation activity of the SIL section.

Author Commentary 5

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 20.1 : The actions under this Operational Objective refer to several tools to implement this provision: amongst others the Convention’s Wetland Training Service (action 2.1.1), the Ramsar Bureau’s internship training programme (action 2.1.4), the regional wetland training and research centres (action 2.1.8) and the Convention’s Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) programme (action 2.1.9).

Author Commentary 6

MAB Recommendations Goal 3 : deals with joint activities in the field of education and training under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 7

WHC Article 5, e : Article 5 provides guidelines for implementing Article 4, which asks parties to identify, protect, conserve, present and transmit to future generations cultural and natural heritage situated on your territory, with any international assistance and co-operation you may be able to obtain.

Author Commentary 8

WHC Decision 28 COM 10B, 4 : This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 9

UNCCD Decision 1/COP.6, 17 : Invites affected developing country Parties and other Parties covered by Regional Implementation Annexes of the Convention, with the support of developed country Parties,

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : response to the first issue in section B of the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is activity 3.3.4 in the PAs Programme of Work, under Goal 3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas. This should be carried out in accordance with decision VII/29 of the Conference of Parties on technology transfer and cooperation.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is activity 3.3.5 of the PAs Programme of Work under Goal 3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for PAs.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VII/27, 3 and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex : This is goal 3.6 of the programme of work on mountain biodiversity, which should be referred to for details of the actions within it. This should be carried out in accordance with Article 8(j) of the Convention on Biological Diversity and related provisions.

Author Commentary 14

UNCCD Decision 1.COP.6, 14 : Products and services include cash crop and livestock production, aquaculture, recreation, ecotourism and adherence by the mining/extraction industry to codes of sustainable land use practice.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VIII/24, 18g : This obligation is duplicated in the management capacity activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 16

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 3.2.4 of the PAs programme of work and is an activity under Goal 3.2, which aims to build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the group cooperation activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 17

WHC Article 5, b : Article 5 provides guidelines for implementing Article 4, which asks parties to identify, protect, conserve, present and transmit to future generations cultural and natural heritage situated on your territory, with any international assistance and co-operation you may be able to obtain.

Author Commentary 18

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 18.1 : Action 18.1.1 calls for a review of national institutions responsible for wetland conservation and wise use, action 18.1.2 for the establishment of National Ramsar/Wetland Committees, and action 18.1.3 for a review of the designated Ramsar national Administrative Authority and the national focal points for the Scientific and Technical Review Panel (STRP) and for Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA).

Author Commentary 19

UNCCD Decision 7/1, 7 : Refer to parts (a) to (f) for activities relating to this obligation. Decision 1 involves strengthening the implementation of the convention in Africa.

Author Commentary 20

CBD Decision VIII/19, 5 : This obligation is duplicated in the policy activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 21

CBD Decision VIII/22, 3 : This is part (b) of CBD Decision VIII/22, 3, which requests facilitating effective implementation of IMCAM.

Author Commentary 22

CBD Decision VII/27, 3 and CBD Decision VII/27, Annex: This is Goal 3.4 of the programme of work on mountain biodiversity, which should be referred to for details of the actions within it, especially actions 3.4.4, 3.4.5, 3.4.7 and 3.4.8.

Author Commentary 23

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 1.3.1 of the PA programme of work, under Goal 1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary PAs (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring PAs across national boundaries. This obligation is duplicated in the transboundary PAs activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 24

CBD Decision VII/5, 5 and CBD Decision VII/5, Annex I : This is objective 2.3 of the programme of work for marine and coastal biodiversity. It also refers to seamount and seagrass ecosystems. This obligation is duplicated in the research activity of the assessment section, the threats activity of the management section and the policy activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 25

WHC Decision 27 COM 13.3 : applies to States Parties whose heritage is well represented on the List. They are also asked to voluntarily space new nominations to assist under-represented Parties.

Author Commentary 26

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : objective 3 under goal 4 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Activities within this objective should be referred to for details.

Author Commentary 27

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : part c of the responses to section A in the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching. This would involve the establishment of training programmes, survey protocols, availability of expert advice, and the establishment of a contingency fund or rapid release of special project funding.

Author Commentary 28

CBD Decision V/3, 2 and CBD Decision V/3, Annex : part d of the responses to section A in the Annex, which sets out priority areas for action on coral bleaching.

Author Commentary 29

UNFCCC Decision 3/CP.7, 1 and UNFCCC Decision 3/CP.7, Annex(Framework for capacity building in countries with economies in transition): This refers to Paragraph 23(b) and is directed at Parties with economies in transition.

Author Commentary 30

UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.7, 1 and UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.7, Annex (Framework for capacity building in developing countries) : This refers to Paragraph 19(a) and is directed at developing country Parties.

Author Commentary 31

UNFCCC Decision 5/CP.7, 15 : National adaptation programmes of action are prepared by least developed countries. They are intended to serve as a simplified and direct channel of communication of information relating to the vulnerabilities and adaptation needs of the least developed countries.

Author Commentary 32

UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.7, 1 and UNFCCC Decision 2/CP.7, Annex (Framework for capacity building in developing countries) : This refers to paragraph 19(d) and is directed at developing country Parties. Suggested means for promoting the sustainability of activities include the efforts of national coordination mechanisms, national focal points, and national coordinating entities.

Author Commentary 33

UNFCCC Decision 3/CP.7, 1 and UNFCCC Decision 3/CP.7, Annex (Framework for capacity building in countries with economies in transition): This refers to Paragraph 23(a) and is directed at Parties to the UNFCCC with economies in transition.