Activity 1: Make PA establishment and management participatory to stakeholders and indigenous and local communities

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/16, E9 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part E : This is element 17 of the plan of action for retention of traditional knowledge.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This Activity 1.4.1 of the PAs programme of work, Goal 1.4: To substantially improve site-based PA planning and management. Relevant ecological and socio-economic data should be used to develop effective planning processes. An alternative form of this obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.1.5 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.1, which aims to promote equity and benefit-sharing. This should be done recalling the principles of the ecosystem approach.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.2.1 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. Reviews should be carried out at the level of national policy, PA systems and individual sites. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.2.2 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. Indigenous and local communities should be involved with respect for their rights consistent with national legislation and applicable international obligations.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.2.4 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. It applies to community-based and private PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section and the capacity-building activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/28, 22 : This should be carried out in accordance with Article 8(j) and related provisions and be consistent with national law and applicable international obligations.x

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex <: This is Activity 3.1.6 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 3.1, which aims to provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the incentives activity of the economic instruments section.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 3.3.3 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for PAs. This activity should include technologies of indigenous and local communities with their participation, approval and involvement in accordance with Article 8(j) and Related Provisions. This obligation is duplicated in the develop tools activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 3.5.2 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness. These programmes should include the contribution of PAs to economy and culture. This obligation is duplicated in the raise awareness activity of the CEPA section.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 3.5.4 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness. This obligation is duplicated in the group cooperation activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 4.4.4 of the PAs programme of work under Goal 4.4, which aims to ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of PAs. This activity should be carried out in accordance with Article 8(j) in connection with the establishment and the effective management of PAs. This obligation is duplicated in the group cooperation activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VI/22, 28 and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex : part b of objective 3 'ensure adequate and effected protected forest area networks' under goal 3 in programme element 1 of the Annex, which is the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity. Participation of SIL communities should be carried out in accordance with Article 8(j). This obligation is duplicated in the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision V/16, 3 and CBD Decision V/16, Annex : task 2 in the Annex, which is a programme of work on the implementation of Article 8 (j) and related provisions of the CBD. Effective participation should occur at international, regional, subregional, national and local levels. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 15

Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 15 : This obligation is duplicated in the planning activity of the management section.

Author Commentary 16

Ramsar Recommendation 2.3, Annex : Encouraging the participation of local populations in the establishment, management and monitoring of wetland reserves is an action under the Framework for Implementing the Convention, national measures 4.3.

Author Commentary 17

MAB Recommendations Goal 2 : deals with the human component of biosphere reserves under the goals of the Seville Strategy. Recommendations are for the establishment and functioning of transboundary Biosphere Reserves.

Author Commentary 18

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008, Operational Objective 6.1 : Actions 6.1.1 and 6.1.5 under this Operational Objective refer to the Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands (Ramsar Resolution VII.8, Annex), action 6.1.6 to the Guiding principles for taking into account the cultural values of wetlands for the effective management of sites (Ramsar Resolution VIII.19, Annex).

Author Commentary 19

CBD Decision VIII/22, 3: This is part a of CBD Decision VIII/22, 3, which requests facilitating effective implementation of IMCAM.

Author Commentary 20

CBD Decision VII/11, 10 : See CBD Decision VII/11, Annex 1 for guidelines on implementing the ecosystem approach. This should include providing feedback to other parties, promoting the ecosystem approach in all sectors that impact biodiversity and through CEPA programmes, undertaking workshops on the approach for experts and practitioners and undertaking activities with indigenous and local communities and the private sector to deepen understanding and application of the ecosystem approach.

Author Commentary 21

CBD Decision VII/16, F13 : Refer to the annex to part F for the Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. This duplicates part b of decision 9 in the same section.

Author Commentary 22

communities CBD Decision VII/16, F9a : Refer to the annex to part F for the Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. Participation should take place in any bodies established by Governments at national, subnational and local levels. Ensure transparency of the assessment process including allocating enough time to conduct an assessment of proposed developments before their implementation. Finally, facilitate exchange of information among national agencies, developers, indigenous and local communities and all stakeholders on the conduct of impact assessments of proposed developments.

Author Commentary 23

CBD Decision VII/16, F9d : Refer to the annex to part F for the Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. This obligation is duplicated in the funding activity of the resources section.

Author Commentary 24

Ramsar Resolution VIII.2, 12 CBD Decision VI/1, A.2.c, in endorsing the Ramsar guidelines, provides a synergistic approach between Ramsar and CBD. The Ramsar Guidelines for establishing and strengthening local communities’ and indigenous people’s participation in the management of wetlands can be found at Ramsar Resolution VII.8, Annex.

Author Commentary 25

Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 14 is similar but more specific than Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 11. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 26

Ramsar Resolution VII/8, 15: This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 27

Ramsar Resolution VII.8, 18: This obligation is duplicated in the group cooperation activity of the cooperation section.

Author Commentary 28

Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 15 : This obligation is duplicated in the policy activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 29

Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 9 : With Ramsar Recommendation 6.3, 9 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex (goal 2.5), the two conventions ask for very similar action, but note that wetlands (Ramsar Convention) and inland waters (CBD) are not fully identical.

Author Commentary 30

This obligation is duplicated in the Sustainable Use module [Stakeholders, indigenous and local communities], the Inland Waters module [Management], and the Climate Change & Biodiversity module [Economic Instruments].