Activity 2: Create benefits of PAs to stakeholders and indigenous and local communities and reduce negative impacts

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Establish mechanisms to create benefits to stakeholders and indigenous and local communities

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Mitigate or remove negative impacts to stakeholders and indigenous and local communities

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex : This is part b of guideline 28 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Guideline 29 should also be referred to. This obligation is duplicated in the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 1.1.7 of the PAs programme of work and is an activity under Goal 1.1, which encourages the establishment and strengthening of national and regional PA systems. This should be carried out in accordance with article 8(j) and related provisions. This obligation is duplicated in the establish PAs activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.1.1 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.1, which aims to promote equity and benefit-sharing. This should be carried out with full participation of indigenous and local communities. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 4

UNCCD Article 8, 3c Article 8 refers to the content of national action programmes, and comes under the regional implementation annex for Africa.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VII/16, E9 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part E:This is element 18 of the plan of action for retention of traditional knowledge.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex: This is Activity 2.1.1 of the PAs programme of work and is an activity under Goal 2.1, which aims to promote equity and benefit-sharing. This refers to the economic and socio-cultural costs and should be carried out in accordance with the national legislation.

Author Commentary 7

CBD Decision VII/28, 19 and CBD Decision VII/28, Annex : This is Activity 2.2.5 of the PAs programme of work, under Goal 2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders. Their consent may be given according to national legislation and applicable international obligations.

Author Commentary 8

CBD Decision VII/14, 10 and CBD Decision VII/14, Annex : This is guideline 31 in the guidelines on biodiversity and tourism development. Guideline 3 should also be referred to. This obligation is duplicated in the legislation activity of the legislation and policy section.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VII/16, E9 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part E: This is element 2 of the plan of action for retention of traditional knowledge. It also applies to culturally significant sites

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/16, F5 : Refer to the annex to part F for the Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. These groups include Government departments, indigenous and local communities and their organizations, private sector developers, civil society organizations, stakeholders in developments and the public. This obligation is duplicated in the raise awareness activity of the CEPA section.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/16, F6 and CBD Decision VII/16, Annex to part F: This is part 37 of the Akwé: Kon Voluntary Guidelines for impact assessments for developments on sacred sites. Also refer to part 38, which states that traditional knowledge should be considered an important component of baseline studies. Baseline studies should be conducted in consultation with the affected indigenous and local communities and include whether potentially affected habitat types are represented elsewhere in conservation reserves, and whether particular crop species and varieties are represented in ex situ collections. They should include identification of significant habitat (breeding/spawning grounds, native vegetation, wild-life refuge areas including buffer zones and corridors, habitats and routes for migratory species) and breeding seasons for endangered and critical species; Identification of areas of economic significance (as hunting areas and trapping sites, fishing grounds, gathering areas, grazing lands, timber harvesting sites and other harvesting areas); Identification of significant physical features which provide for biodiversity (e.g. watercourses, springs, lakes, mines/quarries that supply local needs); and identification of sites of religious, spiritual, ceremonial and sacred significance. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/4, 10 and CBD Decision VII/4, Annex : This is goal 3.3 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity, which should be referred to for specific activities. This obligation is duplicated in the assessing PAs activity of the assessment section.