Activity 2: Develop and review policy measures

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
Restrict the information to :
All agreements
Global agreements Regional agreements
Restrict to selected parties

or press CTRL or key to select more

Component 1: Develop and review policy measures

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Develop and review policy measures for specific inland water ecosystems

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Contracting Parties with mangrove ecosystems: Review and modify any national policies and strategies that have or could have harmful effects on these ecosystems, and protect and restore the benefits of these ecosystems for human populations: Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 33 SEE COMMENTARY 7 and 16
  • Contracting Party with coral reef, sea grass beds and other associated ecosystems: Implement national programmes for the protection of these ecosystems through protected areas, monitoring programmes, awareness programmes and cooperation for restoration projects: Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 35
  • Review and modify national policies and strategies that could have harmful effects on mangrove ecosystems: Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 12 SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Promote the conservation and integrated management of mangrove ecosystems within the context of national policies and regulatory frameworks: Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 13
  • Review policies that adversely affect intertidal wetlands and introduce measures for their long-term conservation: Ramsar Resolution VII.21, 13 SEE COMMENTARY 7

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Develop and review policy measures for species

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Act in pursuance of Agenda 21 and international agreements regarding trade of products from wise use of Neotropical wetlands: Ramsar Recommendation 5.13
  • Ensure that conservation and sustainable use of wetlands and of migratory species are incorporated into national strategies, plans and programmes to preserve biodiversity: CBD Decision III/21, 8
  • Do not except specific quantities of caviar and crocodilian specimens from the exemption of a requirement of export permits or re-export certificates for personal or household effects: CITES Resolution 13.7
  • Enhance the participation of all agencies in conservation and sustainable-use programmes for sturgeon and paddlefish: CITES Resolution 12.7 (rev. COP13)
  • Develop plans of action for the event of confiscation of live specimen of tortoises and freshwater turtles: CITES Resolution 11.9 (rev. COP13)
  • Range States of tortoises and freshwater turtles: Develop management strategies: CITES Resolution 11.9 (rev. COP13)
  • Assess and improve efforts to manage native tortoises and freshwater turtles, e.g. by quotas: CITES Resolution 11.9 (rev. COP13)

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments


Restrict again!

Author Commentary 1

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008: Operational Objective 2.1 The actions that accompany this Operational Objective suggest the development of a National Wetland Policy (action 2.1.1) and the integration of wetland policies with other strategic or planning processes and documents (action 2.1.2).

Author Commentary 2

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008: Operational Objective 2.2 Accompanying action 2.2.1 suggests the application of the Ramsar Guidelines for reviewing laws and institutions to promote the conservation and wise use of wetlands (Ramsar Resolution VII.7, Annex)

Author Commentary 3

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 24 The paragraph refers to Ramsar Resolution VII.6 on National Wetland Policies and Ramsar Resolution VII.7 on reviewing laws and legislation.

Author Commentary 4

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 32 The provision refers to Ramsar Resolution VII.21 on intertidal wetlands.

Author Commentary 5

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 34 The provision aims to control the accidental movement of species for example through ballast water, to avoid introduction of invasive and/or alien species, and to undertake the necessary measures to prevent the introduction or spread of known alien and/or invasive aquatic biota (including invasive alien genes), in line with Ramsar Resolution VIII.18.

Author Commentary 6

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 37 Ramsar Resolution VIII.36 Is about Participatory Environmental Management as a tool for management and wise use of wetlands.

Author Commentary 7

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 33 Ramsar Resolution VIII.32, 12 On policies and strategies for mangrove ecosystems and Ramsar Resolution VII.21, 13 on policies for intertidal wetlands contribute to Ramsar Resolution VIII.4, 16, which addresses policies and practices for coastal wetlands in general.

Author Commentary 8

Ramsar Resolution VII.12, 22 The Guidelines on management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands have been superseded by the New Guidelines for management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands, which can be found at Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, Annex.

Author Commentary 9

CBD Decision VII/4, 7 CBD Decision VII/4, Annex Goal 2.1 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity asks for promoting the integration of conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity of inland waters into relevant sectoral and cross-sectoral plans, programmes, policies and legislation.

Author Commentary 9a

This is priority action 1.1 of the programme of work on island biodiversity.

Author Commentary 10

CBD Decision VII/12, 2 CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II Practical principle 1 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity states that supportive policies, laws and institutions are in place at all levels of governance and there are effective linkages between these levels.

Author Commentary 11

CBD Decision VII/28, 5 CBD Decision VII/28, Annex Goal 3.1 of the programme of work on protected areas asks for the provision of an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas.

Author Commentary 12

CBD Decision VII/29, 2 CBD Decision VII/29, Annex Operational target 3.2 of the programme of work on technology transfer and technological and scientific cooperation is about development and implementation of national institutional, administrative, legislative and policy frameworks to facilitate cooperation and access to technologies.

Author Commentary 13

CBD Decision VI/5, 11 CBD Decision VI/5, Annex The operational objective of element 2 of the Plan of Action for the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators asks for the identification of management practices and policies that promote the positive and mitigate the negative impacts of agriculture on pollinator diversity and activity. The operational objective of element 4 is about support to the development of national plans or strategies for the conservation and sustainable use of pollinator diversity and the promotion of their mainstreaming and integration in sectoral and cross-sectoral plans and programmes.

Author Commentary 14

UNFCCC Decision 28/CP.7, 1 UNFCCC Decision 28/CP.7, Annex This refers to paragraph 8 of the Annex. Identifying such measures will be the task of the multi-disciplinary team assembled by the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) team in the least developed country. The measures should also be responsive to needs identified under other relevant processes, such as the preparation of National Wetland Policies under the Ramsar Convention, national biodiversity strategies and action plans under the CBD and National Action Plans under the UNCCD. See also the adaptation section of the Biodiversity and Climate Change module.

Author Commentary 15

UNFCCC Article 4.1(e) KP Article 11.2 See also the adaptation section of the Biodiversity and Climate Change module

Author Commentary 16

Ramsar Resolution IX.4, 33 The provision repeats Ramsar Resolution VIII.32 12 on policies and strategies for mangrove ecosystems.

Author Commentary 16a

CBD Decision VIII/1, 1 and CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex: This is priority action 13.1 of the programme of work on island biodiversity.

Author Commentary 17

CBD Decision VI/22, 11 CBD Decision VI/22, Annex Programme element 1, goal 1, objective 1 of the expanded programme of work on forest biodiversity requests developing practical methods, guidelines, indicators and strategies to apply the ecosystem approach to forests inside and outside protected forest areas as well as in managed and unmanaged forests. Programme element 2, goal 1, objective 2 is about integration of biodiversity conservation and sustainable use into forest and other sectoral policies and programmes.

Author Commentary 18

CBD Decision V/5, 4 CBD Decision V/5, Annex The operational objective of programme element 2 (Adaptive management) asks for identifying management practices, technologies and policies that promote the positive and mitigate the negative impacts of agriculture on biodiversity, and enhance productivity and the capacity to sustain livelihoods. The operational objective of programme element 4 (Mainstreaming) is about support to the development of national plans or strategies for agricultural biodiversity and the promotion of their mainstreaming in plans and programmes.

Author Commentary 19

CBD Decision V/23, 3 CBD Decision V/23, Annex Activity 7h of the programme of work on dry and sub-humid lands addresses the support by Parties of national policies, legislation and land-use practices, which promote effective biodiversity conservation and sustainable use. Activity 8a is about strengthening of local institutional structures for resource management in dry and sub-humid lands. Activity 8c asks for creating or strengthening of institutions for land tenure and conflict resolution in dry and sub-humid lands. Activity 8e asks for harmonizing sectoral policies and instruments to promote the conservation and sustainable use of dry and sub-humid land biodiversity, taking advantage of the existing national action programmes under the UNCCD frameworks. Activity 9e asks for establishing of mechanisms and frameworks for promoting benefit-sharing from the use of genetic resources in dry and sub-humid lands.

Author Commentary 20

CMS Resolution 8.18, 1
Asks specifically for integration of migratory species into the NBSAPs, developed under the CBD, while CMS Resolution 7.10 and the almost identical CMS Resolution 6.4, Annex (operational objective 2.2) ask more generally for integration of migratory species into relevant plans and policies.

Author Commentary 21

CMS Resolution 8.18, 2 The indicative list of actions is included in Annex I to this resolution and the indicative list of categories of information in Annex II. This obligation specifies CMS Resolution 8.18, 1. The 2010 biodiversity target is part of the CBD Strategic Plan, adopted through CBD Decision VI/26, 2 and CBD Decision VI/26, Annex.