Activity 5: Assess, monitor and research inland waters

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Assess inland waters

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Monitor inland waters

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 3: Undertake research on inland waters

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

CBD Decision VII/4, 7
CBD Decision VII/4, Annex
Goal 3.1 of the revised programme of work on inland water biodiversity requests developing an improved understanding of the biodiversity found in inland water ecosystems. Goal 3.4 asks for the introduction and maintenance of monitoring arrangements to detect changes in the status and trends of inland water biodiversity.

Author Commentary 2

CBD Decision VII/27, 2
CBD Decision VII/27, Annex
Goal 3.1 of the mountain biodiversity programme of work asks for developing work on identification, monitoring and assessment of mountain biodiversity. Goal 3.2 is on improving knowledge on and methods for the assessment and monitoring of the status and trends of mountain biodiversity. Goal 3.3 refers to improving the infrastructure for data and information management for assessment and monitoring of mountain biodiversity. Goal 3.4 is on improvement of research related to mountain biodiversity.

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VI/5, 11
CBD Decision VI/5, Annex
Element 1 of the Plan of Action for the International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators asks for a comprehensive analysis of status and trends of the world’s pollinator diversity and of the underlying causes of its decline.

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VI/22, 11
CBD Decision VI/22, Annex
Objective 1 of goal 1 of programme element 2 of the expanded work programme on forest biodiversity requires an improved understanding of the various causes of forest biodiversity loss. In programme element 3, objective 3 of goal 1 Parties are asked to develop, where appropriate, specific forest ecosystem surveys in priority areas for conservation and sustainable use. Goal 4, objective 1 of programme element 3, requests enhancement and improvement of the technical capacity at the national level to monitor forest biodiversity. Programme element 3, goal 3, objective 1 asks for key research programmes on the role of forest biodiversity and ecosystem functioning.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision V/5, 4
CBD Decision V/5, Annex
The operational objective of programme element 1 of the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity asks for a comprehensive analysis of status and trends of the world’s agricultural biodiversity and their underlying causes as well as of local knowledge of its management.

Author Commentary 6

CBD Decision V/23, 3
CBD Decision V/23, Annex
The operational objective of part A (Assessments) of the dry and sub-humid lands programme of work is to assemble and analyse information on the state of biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands and the pressures on it, to disseminate knowledge and practices, and to fill knowledge gaps. Activity 1 of part A asks for the assessment of status and trends of biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands and the effectiveness of conservation measures. Activity 4 of part A is on building knowledge on ecological, physical and social processes affecting biodiversity of dry and sub-humid lands, while activity 5 refers to the identification of local and global benefits from dry and sub-humid land biodiversity, assessing the socio-economic impact of its loss and undertaking studies on the relationship between biodiversity and poverty. Activity 7k of part B (Targeted actions in response to identified needs) asks for the establishment and promotion of research and development programmes with a focus on building local capacity for conservation and sustainable use.

Author Commentary 7

UNCCD Decision 12/COP.6, 2
UNEP/CBD/COP/7/INF/28
Programme element A of the joint work programme between CBD and UNCCD covers assessments.

Author Commentary 8

Ramsar Strategic Plan 2003-2008
Operational Objective 11.2
:
Action 11.2.1 under this Operational Objective points to the Convention’s Wetlands Risk Assessment Framework, as contained in Ramsar Resolution VII.10, Annex. The Montreux Records, established by Ramsar Recommendation 4.8, is a record of Ramsar sites where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occcuring or are likely to occur. Ramsar Advisory Missions are a technical assistance mechanism; they are carried out to sites the ecological character of which is threatened.

Author Commentary 9

Ramsar Resolution IX.15, 21
Ramsar Resolution VIII.10, 39
Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, 20
All ask Contracting Parties to establish monitoring regimes for Ramsar sites and other wetlands, pointing to guidance from the Convention's Wetlands Risk Assessment Framework, contained in Ramsar Resolution VII.10, Annex and also the New Guidelines for management planning for Ramsar sites and other wetlands, which can be found at Ramsar Resolution VIII.14, Annex

Author Commentary 10

Author Commentary 11

Ramsar Resolution VII.12, 20
Ramsar Resolution VII.10, Annex
The Wetland Risk Assessment Framework, contained in the annex to Ramsar Resolution VII.10, addresses types of change in ecological character, wetland risk assessment, and early warning indicators.

Author Commentary 12

Ramsar Recommendation 6.1, 11
Ramsar Recommendation 4.10, Annex
The Guidelines for the Implementation of the Wise Use Concept, as adopted as an Annex to Ramsar Recommendation 4.10, cover the establishment of national wetland policies, priority actions at national level, and priority actions at particular wetland sites. The Guidelines were further elaborated by the Additional Guidance for the Implementation of the Wise Use Concept, annexed to Ramsar Resolution 5.6. These cover establishment of national wetland policies, knowledge of wetlands and their value, and action at particular wetland sites.

Author Commentary 13

Ramsar Resolution VIII.38, 20
Ramsar Recommendation 4.12
Both ask Contracting Parties to participate in waterbird surveys, with Ramsar Resolution VIII.38, 20 emphasizing globally threatened and data deficient species.

Author Commentary 14

CBD Decision VII/27, 4
Intends to ensure cross-referencing of the mountain biodiversity work programme with other CBD work programmes, including the inland water one. This is relevant here for the identification, monitoring assessment provisions of the work programme on mountain biodiversity (programme element 3): CBD Decision VII/27, Annex.

Author Commentary 15

CBD Decision VII/28, 18
CBD Decision VII/28, Annex
Goal 4.3 of the programme of work on protected areas requests assessing and monitoring protected area status and trends, while goal 4.4 aims to ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems.

Author Commentary 16

Ramsar Resolution VII.10, 12
Ramsar Resolution VII.10, Annex
The Wetland Risk Assessment Framework addresses types of change in ecological character, wetland risk assessment, and early warning indicators.

Author Commentary 16a

CBD Decision VIII/1, 1 and
CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex:
This is priority action 13.3 of the programme of work on island biodiversity.

Author Commentary 16b

CBD Decision VIII/1, 1 and
CBD Decision VIII/1, Annex:
This is priority action 14.1 of the programme of work on island biodiversity. It refers to genetic diversity specifically of islands.

Author Commentary 16c

CBD Decision VIII/26, 6:
The paragraph referes back to the list of activities on positive incentive measures in the preceding paragraph.

Author Commentary 17

CBD Decision VII/12, 2
CBD Decision VII/12, Annex
Practical principle 6 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity states that interdisciplinary research into all aspects of biodiversity use and conservation should be promoted and supported.

Author Commentary 18

CMS Resolution 8.27, 11b
This provision is aimed at filling knowledge gaps regarding spread of and risks from Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza. The annex to this resolution identifies key research needs related to the spread of this disease in relation to migratory birds and their habitats

Author Commentary 19

UNFCCC Article 4.1(e)
KP Article 11.2
See also the adaptation section of the Biodiversity and Climate Change module