Activity 1: Develop legislative, administrative and policy measures on ABS (general)

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Include ABS measures in national plans and strategies

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Include in national plans or strategies and legislation measures for the equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources: CBD Decision III/9, 2c
  • Providing countries: Review national policy, administrative and legislative measures to ensure that they are fully complying with CBD Article 15: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Base the ABS systems on an overall ABS strategy at the country or regional level that aims at the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 2
Component 2: Ensure that ABS measures contribute to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Ensure that national biodiversity strategies as well as legislative, administrative or policy measures on ABS contribute to conservation and sustainable-use objectives: CBD Decision V/26, 3
  • Direct benefits in such a way as to promote conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Providing countries: Ensure that the commercialization and any other use of genetic resources do not prevent traditional use of genetic resources: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 4
Component 3: Develop guidelines and practices

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Explore and develop, in collaboration with relevant stakeholders, guidelines and practices to ensure mutual benefits to providers and users of access measures and to implement them effectively at the national, regional or international level, as appropriate: CBD Decision III/15, 5
Component 4: Develop ABS measures relating to traditional knowledge

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 5: Develop ABS measures relating to particular components of biodiversity

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 6: Develop ABS measures regarding particular groups

Directly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

Author Commentary 2

Author Commentary 3

Author Commentary 4

Author Commentary 5

CBD Article 8(j) refers to traditional knowledge as knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and local communities embodying traditional lifestyles relevant for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity.

Author Commentary 6

This refers to Activity (e) under Programme Element 2, Goal 1, Objective 3 of the expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity. The Bonn Guidelines were adopted as Annex to CBD Decision VI/24.

Author Commentary 7

This refers to Activity e) under Programme Element 1, Goal 4, Objective 4, of the expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity. Article 8(j) of the CBD refers to traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities, Article 10(c) to customary use of biological resources in accordance with traditional cultural practices. Article 15 treats the access to genetic resources, Article 16 the access to and transfer of technology. Article 19 of the CBD is about the handling of biotechnology and distribution of its benefits

Author Commentary 8

This refers to Activity 3.4 under ‘B. Proposed elements of a programme of work’, Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity.

Author Commentary 9

This refers to Activity 2.5.2 of the revised programme of work on inland water biological diversity. Article 8(j) of the CBD refers to, inter alia, ABS concerning traditional knowledge.

Author Commentary 10

This refers to Priority Action 10.2.1 under Section E., Focal Area 6 of the Programme of Work on Island Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 11

This refers to point 10.2.3 of the Appendix to the Programme of Work on Island Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 12

This refers to point 10.2.4. of the Appendix to the Programme of Work on Island Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 13

This refers to the second operational guideline under Practical Principle 12 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 14

This refers to the fifth operational guideline under Practical Principle 12 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 15

This refers to provision 31 of the Bonn Guidelines.

Author Commentary 16

This refers to provision C.9(g) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.