Activity 1: Provide positive incentives for ABS compliance

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • In the design and implementation of an incentive measure, take into account its goals, i.e. to change institutional and individual behavior to achieve the CBD’s objective of fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources: CBD Decision VI/15, 3 and CBD Decision VI/15, Annex I (Proposals for the design and implementation of incentive measures) SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • User countries: Consider establishing voluntary certification schemes for institutions abiding by rules on ABS: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization) SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Promote economic incentives that will guarantee additional benefits to indigenous and local communities and stakeholders who are involved in the management of any biodiversity components, e.g., job opportunities for local peoples, equal distribution of returns amongst locals and outside investors/co-management: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 and CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II (Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity), and CITES Resolution 13.2 (rev. COP 14) a) SEE COMMENTARY 3
  • Use well-designed economic and regulatory instruments, directly or indirectly related to ABS, to foster equitable and efficient allocation of benefits: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization) SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Provide incentive measures, as referred to in paragraph 51 of the Bonn Guidelines, to encourage users to comply with national legislation, including prior informed consent and mutually agreed terms, such as publicly sponsored research grants and voluntary certification schemes: CBD Decision VII/19, E.2, (b) SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Take the proposals contained in Annex I to CBD Decision VI/15 into consideration when designing and implementing incentive measures for conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/15, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Consider the creation and use of markets as a way of efficiently achieving conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization) SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Provide for the costs of management and conservation of biological diversity to be internalized within the area of management and reflected in the distribution of the benefits from the use by providing economic incentives for managers who have already internalized environmental costs, e.g., certification to access new markets, waiver or deferral of taxes in lieu of environmental investment, promotion of "green-labelling" for marketing: CBD Decision VII/12, 2 and CBD Decision VII/12, Annex II (Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity), and CITES Resolution 13.2 (rev. COP 14) a) SEE COMMENTARY 8

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Author Commentary 1

Author Commentary 2

This refers to provision 16(d)(v) of the Bonn Guidelines. This provision also exists in Section 2, Activity 4, Component 4 of of this module.

Author Commentary 3

This refers to the first operational guideline under Practical Principle 12 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity.

Author Commentary 4

This refers to provision 51(b) of the Bonn Guidelines.

Author Commentary 5

Section E of CBD Decision VII/19 is entitled “Measures, including consideration of their feasibility, practicality and costs, to support compliance with prior informed consent of the Contracting Party providing genetic resources and mutually agreed terms on which access was granted in Contracting Parties with users of such resources under their jurisdiction”.

Author Commentary 6

Annex I to CBD Decision VI/15 is entitled ‘Proposals for the design and implementation of incentive measures’

Author Commentary 7

This refers to provision 51(d) of the Bonn Guidelines.

Author Commentary 8

This refers to the fifth operational guideline under Practical Principle 13 of the Addis Ababa Principles and Guidelines for the Sustainable Use of Biodiversity.