Activity 1: Build and strengthen capacity at various levels (general)

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Identify capacity building needs and integrate capacity building

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 2: Strengthen capacity regarding legal, policy and regulatory work

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Support and implement human and institutional capacity-building programmes for Governments, non-governmental organizations and local and indigenous communities, as appropriate, to promote the successful development and implementation of legislative, administrative and policy measures and guidelines on access, including scientific, technical, business, legal and management skills and capacities: CBD Decision III/15, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Strengthen institutional capacity with regard to policy, legislative and regulatory frameworks: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex(Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Develop human resources at all levels, including: legal drafting skills for development of access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing measures; contract-negotiation skills for indigenous and local communities and other relevant stakeholders; modalities for benefit-sharing; dispute resolution mechanisms: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 9
  • Strengthen institutional capacity with regard to administrative frameworks: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex(Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 8

  • Strengthen capacity at the systemic, institutional and individual levels in the areas of inventory and case-studies of existing policy and legislative measures, and the development of appropriate policies and legislation: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 10
  • Strengthen capacities at the systemic, institutional and individual levels regarding the clarification and/or recognition, as appropriate, of established rights and claims of indigenous and local communities over genetic resources and related traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, subject to collecting for scientific or potential commercial purposes and subject to national legal and policy frameworks: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 22
Component 3: Strengthen capacity with regard to assessment and monitoring

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Support and implement human and institutional capacity-building programmes for governments, non-governmental organizations and local and indigenous communities, as appropriate, to promote the successful development and implementation of legislative, administrative and policy measures and guidelines on access, including scientific, technical, business, legal and management skills and capacities: CBD Decision III/15, 3 SEE COMMENTARY 12
  • Strengthen institutional capacity regarding mechanisms for follow-up, monitoring and assessment: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex(Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 13
  • Strengthen capacities at the systemic, institutional and individual levels regarding assessment, inventory and monitoring of genetic resources and traditional knowledge including taxonomic capacity, inter alia, within the context of the Global Taxonomy Initiative, and of in situ and ex situ conservation activities: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 14
  • Establish indicators for monitoring capacity-building implementation: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 15
  • Strengthen capacities at the systemic, institutional and individual levels regarding the evaluation of how the access activity may impact on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, to determine the relative costs and benefits of granting access: CBD Decision VII/19, F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19, F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 16
Component 4: Strengthen capacity in the areas of research and development, marketing and valuation

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 5: Strengthen capacity in the areas of funding and resource management

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Component 6: Build capacity through global and regional cooperation

Directly relevant obligations and commitments


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Author Commentary 1

This refers to provision C.7 (a) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing. For the work of the Global Environment Facility on capacity self-assessment, see the website:

Author Commentary 2

This refers to provision B.4 of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 3

This refers to provision C.8 (c) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 4

This refers to provision C.7 (d) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 5

This refers to provision C.7 (e) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 6

According to CBD Decision V/26, 14, key capacity-building needs include:(b) Contract negotiation skills;
(c) Legal drafting skills for development of ABS measures;
(d) Means for the protection of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources.

Author Commentary 7

This refers to provision B.5 (a) (i) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 8

This refers to provision B.5 (a) (ii) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 9

This refers to provision B.5 (l) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 10

This refers to provision B.5 (g) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 12

According to CBD Decision V/26, 14, key capacity-building needs include, inter alia, assessment and inventory of biological resources as well as information management.

Author Commentary 13

This refers to provision B.5 (a) (iv) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 14

This refers to provision B.5 (b) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 15

This refers to provision C.7 (e) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 16

This refers to provision B.5 (o) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 17

This refers to provision B.5(d)of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 18

This refers to provision B.5(e) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 19

This refers to provision B.5 (a) (iii) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 20

This refers to provision C.9 (a) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing. This obligation also exists in Section 7, Activity 1, Component 2.

Author Commentary 21

This refers to provision C.9 (c) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing. This obligation also exists in Section 7, Activity 1, Component 1.

Commentary 22

This refers to provision B.5 (p) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.