Activity 1: Raise awareness and share information and experiences

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1: Raise awareness and share information and experiences (general)

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Disseminate, through the clearing-house mechanism, in addition to scientific and technical information, information on policy and management issues relevant to the implementation of the CBD: CBD Decision III/4, 7
  • Make information available through the clearing-house mechanism regarding the implementation of capacity-building measures on access to genetic resources and related traditional knowledge, and benefit-sharing: CBD Decision VII/19 F.5
  • Use valuation methods as a tool to inform users and providers involved in ABS: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 1
  • Strongly and effectively promote biodiversity-related issues through the press, the various media, and public relations and communications networks at national level: CBD Decision VI/19, 2
  • Strengthen public education and awareness focusing on indigenous and local communities and all relevant stakeholders at local, national and regional levels: CBD Decision VII/19 F.2 and CBD Decision VII/19 F, Annex (Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing)SEE COMMENTARY 2
  • Exchange information and share experience on measures taken for the implementation of CBD Articles 6 and 8 with other Parties, Governments and other interested stakeholders: CBD Decision II/7,1 SEE COMMENTARY 4
  • Make optimal use of the access and benefit-sharing component of the clearing-house mechanism of the Convention in order to facilitate the exchange of information related to access and benefit-sharing, including relevant literature, legislation, analytical studies, and case-studies: CBD Decision IX/12, 23
  • Make available through the Convention’s clearing-house mechanism national biodiversity strategies and action plans, including periodic revisions, and where applicable, reports on implementation, case studies of good practice, and lessons learned: CBD Decision IX/8, 8 (v)
  • Improve the existing financial information through enhancing accuracy, consistency and delivery of existing data on biodiversity financing and improved reporting on funding needs and shortfalls for the Convention’s three objectives: CBD Decision IX/11 A. (In-depth review of the availability of financial resources), 1
  • Draw the guidance on “Describing the ecological character of wetlands, and harmonized data formats for core inventory” to the attention of relevant stakeholders, including in particular those responsible for the management of Ramsar sites and other wetlands: Ramsar Resolution X.15, 6 and Ramsar Resolution X.15, Annex (Describing the ecological character of wetlands, and harmonized data formats for core inventory) SEE COMMENTARY 4a

  • Draw the guidelines on Biodiversity-Inclusive Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Impact Assessment to the attention of all relevant stakeholders, including inter alia government ministries, departments and agencies, water and basin management authorities, non-governmental organizations, and civil society, and to encourage those stakeholders to take these guidelines into account in relevant decisionmaking: Ramsar Resolution X.17, 10 and Ramsar Resolution X.17 Annex(CBD voluntary guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive environmental impact assessment & draft CBD guidance on biodiversity-inclusive strategic environmental assessment ) SEE COMMENTARY 4b

  • Recognize and increase understanding of the potential of forest genetic diversity to address climate change, maintain forest ecosystems resilience and lead to the discovery of new timber and non-timber forest resources: CBD Decision IX/5, 2 (c) and CBD Decision VI/22, Annex (Expanded Programme of Work on Forest Biological Diversity) SEE COMMENTARY 4c

  • Provide support to regional and subregional communication, education and public awareness activities related to access and benefit-sharing, including through, inter alia, the development of communication strategies and products designed to increase awareness among decision makers and relevant stakeholders: CBD Decision IX/32, 10 .
  • Continue to raise awareness on the business case for biodiversity: CBD Decision IX 26, 2
Component 2: Raise awareness and share information and experiences regarding particular areas

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Promote dissemination of information about benefit-sharing experiences through the clearing-house mechanism and appropriate means at the local level: CBD VI/22, 11 and CBD VI/22, Annex (Expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity).SEE COMMENTARY 5
  • Identify and promote the dissemination of information on cost-effective practices and technologies, and related policy and incentive measures that enhance the positive and mitigate the negative impacts of agriculture on biological diversity, productivity and capacity to sustain livelihoods, through ABS measures and intellectual property issues: CBD Decision V/5, 4 and CBD Decision V/5, Annex (Programme of work on agricultural biodiversity)SEE COMMENTARY 6
  • Providing countries: Report on access applications through the clearing-house mechanism and other reporting channels of the CBD: CBD Decision VI/24, 4 and CBD Decision VI/24, Annex (Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising out of their Utilization)SEE COMMENTARY 7
  • Submit views on ways to integrate biodiversity considerations in climate-change related activities:CBD Decision IX/16, 13 SEE COMMENTARY 7a
  • Make available information, experiences and case-studies on and lessons learned from developing and applying effective options for preventing and mitigating the adverse impacts of human activities to selected seabed habitats : CBD Decision IX/20, 8 , 11.
Component 3: Provide relevant information linkages

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Provide, through the clearing-house mechanism at the national level, relevant information linkages to the national focal points and relevant thematic focal points, in order to facilitate the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources: CBD Decision III/4, 11 SEE COMMENTARY 3.

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Author Commentary 1

This refers to provision 51(c) of the Bonn Guidelines.

Author Commentary 2

This refers to provision B.5(k) of the Action Plan on Capacity-building for Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-sharing.

Author Commentary 3

Author Commentary 4

CBD Article 8 deals with in-situ conservation, which includes ABS with regard to traditional knowledge CBD Article 8 (j).

Author Commentary 5

This refers to Activity c) under Programme Element 1, Goal 5, Objective 1, of the expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity. ‘Benefit-sharing experiences’ relate to benefits from the utilization of forest genetic resources.

Author Commentary 6

This refers to Activity 2.2(c)(iv) under Section B of the programme of work on agricultural biodiversity: Proposed elements of a programme of work.

Author Commentary 7

This refers to provision 16(a)(ii) of the Bonn Guidelines. This obligation also exists under “Activity 2: Provide information to, and enhance awareness of, potential users” of this section.

Author Commentary 4a

Ramsar Resolution X.15, Annex (Describing the ecological character of wetlands, and harmonized data formats for core inventory):
This refers to Table 1. Ramsar ecological character description sheet which refers to other products and resources, including genetic material under point 4.11 .

Author Commentary 4b

Ramsar Resolution X.17 Annex, Part II (Draft Guidance on biodiversity-inclusive strategic environmental Assessment):
Section C., 1.20 (Biodiversity for social and economic well-being) recognizes that biodiversity conservation and sustainable use are equally important issues in SEA, and that decision makers have to deal with the equitable sharing of benefits derived from biodiversity, including those derived from the utilization of genetic resources, in societies characterized by unequal distribution of wealth.

Author Commentary 4c

CBD Decision VI/22, Annex (Expanded Programme of Work on Forest Biological Diversity):
Objective 1 of Goal 5 (Access and benefit-sharing of forest genetic resources) under Programme Element 1 (Conservation, sustainable use and benefit-sharing) refers to the fair and equitable sharing of benefits resulting from the utilization of forest genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge.

Author Commentary 7a

An uninhibited flow of genetic resources for food and agriculture is necessary considering global interdependence and the overriding needs of food security in the face of climate change.