Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development - Johannesburg, 2002

44. Biodiversity, which plays a critical role in overall sustainable development and poverty eradication, is essential to our planet, human well-being and to the livelihood and cultural integrity of people. However, biodiversity is currently being lost at unprecedented rates due to human activities; this trend can only be reversed if the local people benefit from the conservation and su stainable use of biological diversity, in particular in countries of origin of genetic resources, in accordance with article 15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Convention is the key
instrument for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from use of genetic resources. A more efficient and coherent implementation of the three objectives of the Convention and the achievement by 2010 of a significant reduction in the curr ent rate of loss of biological diversity will require the provision of new and additional financial and technical resources to developing countries, and includes actions at all levels to:

    (a) Integrate the objectives of the Convention into global, regiona l and national sectoral and cross-sectoral programmes and policies, in particular in the programmes and policies of the economic sectors of countries and international financial institutions;

    (b) Promote the ongoing work under the Convention on the sustainable use on biological diversity, including on sustainable tourism, as a cross -cutting issue relevant to different ecosystems, sectors and thematic areas;

    (c) Encourage effective synergies between the Convention and other multilateral environmental agreements, inter alia, through the development of joint plans and programmes, with due regard to their respective mandates, regarding common responsibilities and concerns;(d) Implement the Convention and its provisions, including active follow-up of its work programmes and decisions through national, regional and global action programmes, in particular the national biodiversity strategies and action plans, and strengthen their integration into relevant cross-sectoral strategies, programmes and policies, including those related to sustainable development and poverty eradication, including initiatives which promote community -based sustainable use of biological diversity;

    (e) Promote the wide implementation and further development of the ecosystem approach, as being elaborated in the ongoing work of the Convention;

    (f) Promote concrete international support and partnership for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, including in ecosystems, at World Heritage sites and for the protection of endange red species, in particular through the appropriate channelling of financial resources and technology to developing countries and countries with economies in transition;

    (g) To effectively conserve and sustainably use biodiversity, promote and support init iatives for hot spot areas and other areas essential for biodiversity and promote the development of national and regional ecological networks and corridors;

    (h) Provide financial and technical support to developing countries, including capacity-building, in order to enhance indigenous and community-based biodiversity conservation efforts;

    (i) Strengthen national, regional and international efforts to control invasive alien species, which are one of the main causes of biodiversity loss, and encourage the development of effective work programme on invasive alien species at all levels;

    (j) Subject to national legislation, recognize the rights of local and indigenous communities who are holders of traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, and, with the approval and involvement of the holders of such knowledge,innovations and practices, develop and implement benefit -sharing mechanisms on mutually agreed terms for the use of such knowledge, innovations and practices;


    (k) Encourage and enable all stake holders to contribute to the implementation of the objectives of the Convention and, in particular, recognize the specific role of youth, women and indigenous and local communities in conserving and using biodiversity in a sustainable way;


    (l) Promote the effective participation of indigenous and local communities in decision and policy -making concerning the use of their traditional knowledge;


    (m) Encourage technical and financial support to developing countries and countries with economies in transition in their efforts to develop and implement, as appropriate, inter alia, national sui generis systems and traditional systems according to national priorities and legislation, with a view to conserving and the sustainable use of biodiversity;


    (n) Promote the wide implementation of and continued work on the Bonn Guidelines on Access to Genetic Resources and Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits arising out of their Utilization, as an input to assist the Parties when developing and drafting legislative, admin istrative or policy measures on access and benefit -sharing as well as contract and other arrangements under mutually agreed terms for access and benefit -sharing;


    (o) Negotiate within the framework of the Convention on Biological Diversity, bearing in mind the Bonn Guidelines, an international regime to promoteand safeguard the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources;

    (p) Encourage successful conclusion of existing processes under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore of the World Intellectual Property Organization, and in the ad hoc open-ended working group on article 8 (j) and related provisions of the Convention;


    (q) Promote practicable measures for access to the results and benefits arising from biotechnologies based upon genetic resources, in accordance with articles 15 and 19 of the Convention, including through enhanced scientific and technical cooperation on biotechnology and biosafety, including the exchange of experts, training human resources and developing research-oriented institutional capacities;


    (r) With a view to enhancing synergy and mutual supportiveness, taking into account the decisions under the relevant agreements, promote the discussions, without prejudging their outcome, with regard to the relationships between the Convention and agreements related to international trade and intellectual property rights, as outlined in the Doha Ministerial Declaration; 32


    (s) Promote the implementation of the programme of work of the Global Taxonomy Initiative;


    (t) Invite all States that have not already done so to ratify the Convention, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention 33 and other biodive rsity - related agreements, and invite those that have done so to promote their effective implementation at the national, regional and international levels and to support developing countries and countries with economies in transition technically and financially in this regard.