The ‘Issue Based Modules’
TEMATEA contains 6 Issue-Based Modules on key issues for biodiversity, namely on Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS), Biodiversity and Climate Change (CC), Inland Waters (IW), Invasive Alien Species (IAS), Protected Areas (PA), and Sustainable Use of biodiversity (SU).
Each Issue-Based Module is a set of web-based documents which provides activity-oriented structured information on national commitments by identifying and grouping implementation requirements from different agreements on a selected issue. They contain relevant provisions from global biodiversity MEAs (in particular CBD, CMS, Ramsar, CITES, WHC, UNFCCC and UNCCD) as well as from relevant regional biodiversity-related agreements. To improve coherence across the different levels and sectors, relevant sectoral agreements are also incorporated.
Each issue-based module is structured as follows
- A specific introduction provides an overview of the structure and content of the module.
- Sections reflect the main structure based on key functions such as 'assessment' or 'legislation'. Some of the sections such as Assessment and Cooperation, were chosen on the basis of their commonality to all modules. Others, such as Mitigation and Adaptation in the Biodiversity and Climate Change Module, were added to cover particular aspects linked to the issue dealt with by that module.
- The sections are subdivided into activities, some of which have been further divided into components.
- Those activity/components contain obligations and commitments, based on a survey of articles, decisions, resolutions and recommendations of relevant global and regional agreements. Where relevant, certain political commitments (e.g. the World Summit on Sustainable Development) are also included. Abbreviated versions of the provisions are used, rather than the exact language, but every effort is made to stay faithful to the spirit of the cited provision. Hyperlinks provide the original text of the source of the obligation listed.
- Where appropriate, commentary has also been provided by the authors to indicate:
• possible synergies between obligations of different agreements;
• overlaps within an agreement or between agreements;
• extra information such as that contained in annexes to decisions including in programmes of work or guidelines and principles;
• an explanation of why this provision is regarded as being relevant to this particular activity.
The modules thus provide a structure that highlights the relationship between relevant articles, decisions, resolutions and recommendations under the various agreements so as to avoid overlaps and synergies, potential conflicts, and indicate possible gaps.
They provide voluntary and evolutionary tools, and are updated regularly with new decisions taken by the governing bodies of the relevant conventions.