Activity 1: Prevent the introduction of IAS

Below are the global and regional obligations in this activity:
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Component 1

Directly relevant obligations and commitments

Indirectly relevant obligations and commitments

  • Integrate the conservation of migratory species habitats into policies, plans and programmes: CMS Resolution 7.10, 2
  • Submit case studies, lessons learned and other relevant information on incentive measures to the Executive Secretary: CBD Decision VI/15, 5

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Author Commentary 1

CBD Article 8h
CMS Article III, 4c
These articles supply synergy between the conventions on preventing the impacts of IAS on species. UNCLOS Article 196 is in essence a similar article yet is different, as it does not make mention to IAS threatening habitats or species and only refers to the marine environment.

Author Commentary 2

IPPC 7th ICPM, section 12.1, 148, 7h
CBD Decision VI/23, 27
The development and establishment of technical tools or alert systems may offer synergy between the two conventions

Author Commentary 3

CBD Decision VI/23, 5
CBD Decision VI/23, Annex
There are 15 IAS Guiding Principles. The principles that Parties should consider here are: 1. Precautionary approach, 2. three-stage hierarchical approach, 3. ecosystem approach, 4.the role of the States; 5. research and monitoring, 10. intentional introduction, 11 unintentional introduction, 12. mitigation of impacts, 13. eradication, 14. containment and 15. control

Author Commentary 4

CBD Decision VIII/27, 42
Any relevant international codes of practice or guidelines or national legislation should be taken into account. As well as, national aid operations or operations of non-governmental organisations.

Author Commentary 5

CBD Decision VIII/27, 59
CBD Decision VIII/27, 60
CBD Decision VIII/27, 62
Collaboration with neighbouring countries could promote synergy at the regional level in dealing with IAS.

Author Commentary 6

This obligation is duplicated in the Sustainable Use module [Management and Cooperation sections], the IAS module [Cooperation section], the Inland Waters module [Cooperation section] and the Protected Areas module [Management and Cooperation sections].